Egypt is a north-African country with a deep history and heritage that stretches 1000 km along the Nile River. Cairo is the modern capital of Egypt.
Location of Egypt
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country occupying the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by the Sinai Peninsula. At the same time, Egypt is a southern Mediterranean country bordering the Mediterranean sea in the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel in the northeast. However, Egypt has also coastal borders on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east. Sudan lies in the south and Libya in the west of the country.
The Nile is a majestic river that flows northwards through Northeastern Africa. This beautiful river snakes through various countries and covers a length of 6,650 km. Most importantly, the Nile River covers the drainage basins of Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Kenya. Also, it covers the basins of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania. Above all, this river is the primary water source for Egypt and Sudan. The Nile River system begins on the East African Plateau and flows to the Mediterranean Sea. Naturally, 20% of the total watercourse goes through the Egyptian territories.
Egypt is bordering the Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. The Red Sea coast stretches 800 km from Suez to the Sudanese border. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea coast spans about 1,050 km along the northern coast. It extends from the eastern side of the Sinai Peninsula at the Egypt – Gaza frontiers to the western village of Sallum on the Egyptian border with Libya. Indeed, these extended maritime areas have several sea islands. These islands are naturally placed, except for the artificial island in the Gulf of Aqaba.
Towns in Egypt
When we look at the map of the Arab Republic of Egypt, we can find that the majority of the governorates, towns and cities lie along the Nile River. And that Cairo Governorate appears as the capital of Egypt. Worth mentioning that Egypt has more than 200 cities with a population of over 15000 p.
Administratively, the Egyptian authority divides the country into 27 governorates. The president of Egypt appoints a governor to administrate each province.
History of Egypt
The Arab Republic of Egypt, ARE, has one of the most exciting and longest histories globally. The history of Egypt is full of exciting and exciting events. At the same time, it dates for the very early appearance of human civilisation on the earth. This history roots back to the 6th – 4th millennia B.C.E. This is why we consider Egypt the cradle of civilisation! Undoubtedly, the very early history of Egypt refers to the knowledge of urbanisation, doing agricultural activities, the ability to have a writing system. Also, it refers to a tendency towards believing and worshipping, and finally, the ability to have a central government.
Ancient Egyptian Temples
The ancient Egyptians built their temples for the official worship of the gods and the commemoration of the pharaohs. As mentioned earlier, they made these temples in ancient Egypt and the areas under Egyptian control. According to the ancient Egyptians; believes, these temples were dwellings of the gods. According to the ancient Egyptian religion, the king of ancient Egypt was the son of the gods. Thus, we may say that the ancient Egyptians also worshipped the pharaoh of Egypt in these temples. The ancient Egyptian priests performed a variety of rituals inside it.
Ancient Egyptian Deities
Studying ancient Egyptian beliefs is an exciting part of knowledge that everyone can add to mind. Interestingly, many ancient Egyptian deities and myths surrounding them have formed the core of these beliefs. We can define the Ancient Egyptian Deities as those gods and goddesses who worshipped in ancient Egypt. Undoubtedly, these gods’ beliefs and rituals formed the ancient Egyptian religion, which emerged sometime in prehistory.
Pharaohs of Egypt
Native pharaohs continually governed Egypt for approximately 2500 years. The Kingdom of Kush interrupted this continuity of independent rule and conquered Egypt in the late 8th century BC. However, these rulers adopted the traditional pharaonic titulature as the native pharaohs. Following the Kushite conquest, Egypt experienced another period of the independent rule before the Achaemenid Empire interrupt it. The Achaemenid rulers also adopted the title of “Pharaoh.” Nectanebo II was the last native pharaoh to rule Egypt before the Achaemenids reoccupy it for a second time.
Tourist Activities and Excursions in Egypt
Tourists in Egypt choose our group excursions, as this type of excursions, in the first place, allows saving large sums spent on entertainment during the holiday stay. Usually, we organise these trips on big buses or luxury yachts and cruises. Equally, our tourists receive the services for this type of excursions according to the in-advance agreed conditions.
Egypt is a barren desert except for the thin strip of terraced land along the Nile and the Delta River. Generally, the summer is hot and dry, and the winter is mild. Therefore, we can consider that October to April is undoubtedly the best time to travel to Egypt.
The Climate of the Northern Parts of Egypt
However, the climate varies slightly depending on where you live. The northern coast along the Mediterranean Sea receives some of the heaviest rains in the country during the winter months. But thunderstorms with heavy showers that often take several hours are not unusual here, for example, Alexandria, Marsa Matruh, and other coastal areas. Even the Delta can witness this phenomenon. Hail is not uncommon; especially, in the desert, where the weather is usually more relaxed. Also, the desert weather allows the ice to fall and even the frost to form on rainy days.
The Climate in the Peninsula of Sinai
In the mountains of Sinai and also the Red Sea mountain range, there is rain in general. Floods in these areas are a common climate phenomenon where so much rain can fall in a short time, with thunder and lightning also. Because of the nature of the desert land, waterfalls from the rain quickly through hills, mountains and local flood areas. But, these floods generally occur once every three years, depending on the weather. However, those floods disappear at all for 15 years. If the flood comes, it usually occurs in the early season, such as September, October or late winters, February or March.
Also, temperatures can drop much more in high altitudes such as on the top of the Sinai Mountains than in the surrounding areas. Thus. It may allow snow in the winter months, as temperatures can drop below freezing. Also, it forms frosts even in low attracts desert areas where temperatures are usually cooler than cities.