Divine Position of God Amun in Ancient Egypt
At that time, the ancient Egyptians titled him the patron of the Theban pharaohs. Further, they linked him to eventually with the sun god, Ra, who was the dominant deity of the Old Kingdom. Thus, he received the names like Amun-Ra, King of the Gods and ruler of the Great Ennead. Also, the ancient Egyptians hailed Amun-Ra as a national god, creator of the universe, pharaoh’s
Temples Dedicated to Amun Ra
Temples of God Amun in Karnak
The key difference between Karnak and most of the other temples and sites in Egypt is the time of building and development. Here, we are not talking about a single temple; but a complex of temples. As an ancient Egyptian temple, the construction started in the Middle Kingdom and continued to Ptolemaic times. It took a long time to arrive at its final shape.
Almost all the rulers of Ancient Egypt left their mark in this vast and colossal complex. Approximately thirty pharaohs contributed to the buildings. This process of construction and renovation have led to size, complexity, and diversity not seen elsewhere. It is the largest religious building ever made, covering about 200 acres! Additionally, it was a place of pilgrimage for nearly 2,000 years.
History of the Temple of God Amun
The Karnak Temples Complex houses several temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. The construction of the complex began during the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom and continued to the Ptolemaic period. Although when taking a close look at the place, we can find that most buildings date back to the New Kingdom.
This complex is a vast open site. It consists of four main parts: the great temple of God Amun, the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Montu, and the dismantled Temple of Amenhotep IV. A few smaller temples and sanctuaries connect the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Amun-Re and the Luxor Temple.