Coast Islands in Egypt
- Red Sea islands.
- Also, the Mediterranean Sea islands.
Islands of the Red Sea
- Giftun Islands.
- Abu Munkar.
- Hamata Islands.
- El Ikhwan Islands.
- Also, Green Island.
- Mukkawar Island.
- Pharaoh’s Island.
- Sanafir Island.
- Shadwan Island.
- Tiran Island.
- Utopia Island.
- Additionally, Zabargad Island.
Giftun Islands exist in the Red Sea along the shoreline of Hurghada city, Al-Barhr Al-Ahmar governorate – Egypt. These islands stand approximately 11 kilometres east of the coast of Hurghada. Now, Giftun Island is the most famous one on the Red Sea. Also, it is the most important in terms of tourism and environmental activities. It is the only island authorised to welcome marine activities on its territories. The Giftun islands comprise part of the marine reserve in the Red Sea with spectacular coral reefs and drop-offs. The Egyptian government has declared these Giftun Islands a protected area since 1995. Considering that the Egyptian government does not allow establishment on the rest 38 islands Egypt has.
Geography of Giftun Islands
The islands are among the Egyptian sea islands that exist along the Red Sea shore. They are divided into two separate ones – Big Giftun and Small Giftun. The former one – Big Giftun Island, has the second largest area after Shadwan Island. Besides, both islands are a part of a more extensive archipelago, including one more island, Abu Monqar. Additionally, they have rare geological compositions and rock intensity, as well.
Near these two islands, there exist Banana Reef, Sha’ab Sabrina, Erg Somaya and Sha’ab Torfa. These sites are among the famous reef spots in Hurghada. The islands are renowned for their rare coral reefs, colourful fish and extraordinary birds. Also, the marine life surrounding these islands is one of the richest in the Red Sea. It has more than 196 kinds of solid coral reefs. This reef represents about 80% of the biodiversity of the coral reefs in the Red Sea. Also, in these coral reefs live more than 794 species of fish. Consequently, this number of fish represents about 65% of the biodiversity of fish.
Noteworthy that two kinds of birds that face the extinction danger threatening exist on the island. These birds are the Kittiwake and a specific type of eagles. One of the rare turtles lives on the beaches of this island, as well.
Shadwan Island is the largest reef island in the Strait of Jubal, also known as Shaker Island. It is a barren rocky island. The current around Shadwan is usually moderate, moving from south to north. An impressive vertical reef wall exists in the island’s north that goes deeper than 40 metres. Therefore, scuba divers go downstream to explore the wall on drift dives. The reef abounds with coral and finfish. In addition, there is a featured lighthouse to guide ships.
The Egyptian Utopia Island is similar to the fiction by Sir Thomas More in two aspects. The first aspect is an isolated island. While the second aspect, the alternate rising of the tide, completely overwhelms the island by night. While when it is the day, the tide goes down. Thus, Utopia appears every day clean and new. The previously mentioned process of renewal matches with the perfection demanded by Sir Thomas More. Of course, it is enough reason why they call that island “Utopia.”
Islands of the Mediterranean Sea
- Nelson’s Island.