When we look at the map of Egypt, we can find that most of the Egyptian towns, governorates, and cities stretch along the Nile River. Egypt has more than 200 cities with a population of over 15,000 p.
Administrative Divisions in Egypt
Administratively, Egypt has 27 governorates. Correspondingly a governor, whom the President of Egypt appoints, administrate each province.
- Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea).
- Port Said.
- South Sinai.
- North Sinai.
- Kafr El-Shaykh.
- Also, Al-Wadi Al-Jadid.
Aswan Governorate is one of the Egyptian towns and governorates. This governorate exists in the far south of the country in Upper Egypt, and its capital is Aswan. This Governorate borders Luxor to the north, Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) Governorate to the east, New Valley Governorate to the west, and Sudan’s Northern state to the south.
Al Bahr Al Ahmar Governorate
Al Bahr Al Ahmar Governorate is the biggest governorate in Egypt. It spreads out along the coast of the Red Sea and comprises much of the Eastern Desert. Its name means “Red Sea.” For this reason, you may find it under the name “Red Sea Governorate, or Red Sea City.” It extends from approximately 29° N latitude southward to the frontier of Sudan. On the west, a plain desert bounds it. The nature of land in this governorate appears to be a bare desert. It encompasses about one-fifth of the total area of Egypt.
The northern boundary of Al-Bahr al-Ahmar is near the southern extreme of Jalalah al-Bahriyyah Uplands. These uplands rise to 1,275 meters in the south of the Suez governorate. The next group towards the south is the Al-Jalalah al-Qibliyyah Uplands that rise to a peak of 1,475 meters. Just to the west-northwest of this peak lies the Christian monastery of St. Anthony. Also, across the crest of the range to the southeast is the monastery of St. Paul. Please, note that these two famous Christian monasteries exist in the city of Zaafarana.
Cairo governorate stretches 25 km along the west bank of the Nile River in Egypt. Al-Qalyubiah governorate borders this governorate in the north. At the same time, the Giza governorate borders it in the south and the Suez governorate in the east. The Nile River lies to the west of Cairo.
Damietta is famous for its guava farms and palm trees. These farms cover the coast from Ras El Bar in the east to Gamasa in the west. It has more than 2.5 million palm trees that cover a large surface area. The governorate exports more than one million palm trees over a long period to several countries worldwide, including Greece and China. Damietta also produces wheat, maise, cotton, rice, potatoes, lemon, grapes and tomatoes. It is also famous for its sweet industry, sardine packing, and Domiati cheese.
Faiyum is one of the 27th governorates Egypt has. It lies 100 kilometres to the southwest of Cairo, in the middle of Egypt.
Al Faiyum governorate is one of Egypt’s oldest cities, one of seven oases Egypt has. It has a name with different spellings in English, e.g. Fayum, Faiyum or Al Faiyūm. For this fact, it enjoys year-round moderate weather. Also, it homes several attractions from different eras from Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Coptic and Islamic. The nature of this city is marvellous, with dunes, palm trees, lakes and valleys, wild animals and bird species. Without a doubt, it’s a land of unspoiled nature and deep history! It is a place worth discovering!
South Sinai Governorate
South Sinai Governorate exist in the southern half of the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. This governorate lies on the Red Sea except for its northern part. Notably, it has a long coast on the Red Sea – the Gulf of Aqaba in the east and the Gulf of Suez in the west. At the same time, it neighbours North Sinai governorate to the north. Also, It takes the shape of a triangle when looking at it on the map.
Qena Governorate extends for 168 km along the Nile River. It lies 577 km to the south of Cairo. When we look at the map of Egypt, we will find that the Sohag governorate borders Qena in the north. In contrast, the Luxor governorate borders it in the south. Also, it neighbours Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in the east and the New Valley governorate in the west.
Sohag Governorate extends for 125 km along the Nile River and is 467 km away from Cairo. When we look at the map of Egypt, we can find that the Assiut governorate borders it in the north. At the same time, the Qena governorate neighbours it in the south. Also, Sohag has borders with Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in the east and the New Valley governorate in the west.
Luxor Governorate extends for 110 km along the Nile River and is 635 km away from Cairo. Geographically, Luxor is outlining Qena in the north and Aswan in the south. Also, it neighbours Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in the east and the New Valley governorate in the west.