Dendera Temple complex

The Temple of Hathor in Dendera

As you locate in the Dendera temple complex, you can notice that you are facing the Temple of goddess Hathor. It is the dominant building in the complex and one the best preserved temples in Egypt. The temple is a wondrous marvel to explore! The temple has been modified on the same site starting as far back as the Middle Kingdom, and continuing right up until the time of the Roman emperor Trajan.

The existing Temple of Hathor was largely constructed during the Late Ptolemaic period, specifically during the reign of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra VII. Later additions to the building were made during the Roman period. Although the temple was built by a dynasty of rulers who were not native Egyptians, the design of this temple has been found to be in accordance to that of other classical Egyptian temples, with the exception of the front of the hypostyle hall, which, according to an inscription above the entrance, was constructed by the Emperor Tiberius.

Layout elements of the temple of Hathor include:

  • Large Hypostyle Hall
  • Small Hypostyle Hall
  • Laboratory
  • Offering entry
  • Storage magazine
  • Treasury
  • Exit to well
  • Access to stairwell
  • Hall of the Ennead
  • Offering hall
  • Great Seat and main sanctuary
  • Shrine of the Nome of Dendera
  • Shrine of Isis
  • Shrine of Sokar
  • Shrine of Harsomtus
  • Shrine of Hathor’s Sistrum
  • Shrine of gods of Lower Egypt
  • Shrine of Hathor
  • Shrine of the throne of Re
  • Shrine of Re
  • Shrine of Menat collar
  • Shrine of Ihy
  • The Pure Place
  • Court of the First Feast
  • Passage
  • Staircase to roof
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