The Min festival was an ancient Egyptian ceremony held to celebrate the continued rule. It dated back to Predynastic Egypt and was still very popular during the 19th Dynasty reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II.
Mina Festival in Ancient Egyptian Calendar
The festival was connected with the king’s worship and was held in the last month of the summer. According to the lunar calendar, the Min festival also occurred at the beginning of a new season in the ninth civil month.
Procession of Min Festival
The king himself carried out it, followed by his wife, royal family, and the court. When the king entered the sanctuary of the deity Min, he brought offerings and burning incense. Then, the temple’s standing god was carried out on a shield carried by twenty-two priests. In front of the statue of the god, there were also two small seated statues of the pharaoh.
In front of the god Min, a sizeable ceremonial procession included dancers and priests. In front of them was a king with a white bull wearing a solar disc between its horns. When the god arrived at the end of the procession, he was given sacrificial offerings from the pharaoh. At the end of the festival, the pharaoh was given a bundle of cereal that symbolised fertility.
Fertality and Harvest
In this festival of Min, the king cut the first sheaf of grain. It symbolically supported his role as life-sustainer of his people. It can be noted that this festival, associated with Min, was one of fecundity and the masculinity of rebirth. Therefore, this third festival focuses on birth, predominating the agricultural aspect.