Egypt is a north-African country with a deep history and heritage of 1000 km along the Nile River. Cairo is the modern capital of Egypt.

Location of Egypt

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country occupying the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by the Sinai Peninsula. At the same time, Egypt is a southern Mediterranean country bordering the Mediterranean sea in the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel in the northeast. However, Egypt has also coastal borders on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east. Sudan lies in the south and Libya in the west of the country.

Nile River

The Nile is a majestic river that flows northwards through Northeastern Africa. This beautiful river snakes through various countries and covers a length of 6,650 km. Most importantly, the Nile River covers the drainage basins of Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Kenya. Also, it covers the basins of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania. Above all, this river is the primary water source for Egypt and Sudan. The Nile River system begins on the East African Plateau and flows to the Mediterranean Sea. Naturally, 20% of the total watercourse goes through the Egyptian territories.

Sea Islands

Egypt borders the Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean Sea north. The Red Sea coast stretches 800 km from Suez to the Sudanese border. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea coast spans about 1,050 km along the northern coast. It extends from the eastern side of the Sinai Peninsula at the Egypt – Gaza frontiers to the western village of Sallum on the Egyptian border with Libya. Indeed, these extended maritime areas have several sea islands. These islands are natural, except for the artificial island in the Gulf of Aqaba.

Towns in Egypt

When we look at the map of the Arab Republic of Egypt, we can find that most of the governorates, towns and cities lie along the Nile River. Furthermore, the Cairo Governorate appears as the capital of Egypt. Worth mentioning that Egypt has more than 200 cities with over 15000 p.

Administratively, the Egyptian authority divides the country into 27 governorates. The president of Egypt appoints a governor to administrate each province.

History of Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt, ARE, has one of the most exciting and longest histories globally. The history of Egypt is full of exciting and exciting events. At the same time, it dates for the very early appearance of human civilisation on the earth. This history roots back to the 6th – 4th millennia B.C.E. This is why we consider Egypt the cradle of civilisation! Undoubtedly, the very early history of Egypt refers to the knowledge of urbanisation, doing agricultural activities, the ability to have a writing system. Also, it refers to a tendency towards believing and worshipping, and finally, the ability to have a central government.

Ancient Egyptian Temples

The ancient Egyptians built their temples for the official worship of the gods and the commemoration of the pharaohs. As mentioned earlier, they made these temples in ancient Egypt and the areas under Egyptian control. According to the ancient Egyptians; believes, these temples were dwellings of the gods. According to the ancient Egyptian religion, the king of ancient Egypt was the son of the gods. Thus, we may say that the ancient Egyptians also worshipped the pharaoh of Egypt in these temples. The ancient Egyptian priests performed a variety of rituals inside it.

Ancient Egyptian Deities

Studying ancient Egyptian beliefs is an exciting knowledge that everyone can add to our minds. Interestingly, many ancient Egyptian deities and myths surrounding them have formed the core of these beliefs. We can define the Ancient Egyptian Deities as those gods and goddesses who worshipped in ancient Egypt. Undoubtedly, these gods’ beliefs and rituals formed the ancient Egyptian religion, which emerged sometime in prehistory.

Pharaohs of Egypt

Native pharaohs continually governed Egypt for approximately 2500 years. The Kingdom of Kush interrupted this continuity of independent rule and conquered Egypt in the late 8th century BC. However, these rulers adopted the traditional pharaonic titulature as the native pharaohs. Following the Kushite conquest, Egypt experienced another period of independent rule before the Achaemenid Empire interrupted it. The Achaemenid rulers also adopted the title of “Pharaoh”. Nectanebo II was the last native pharaoh to rule Egypt before the Achaemenids reoccupied it for a second time.

Museums in Egypt

Egypt has one of the oldest civilisations in the world. Accordingly, it has been in contact with many other civilisations and nations and has been through so many eras, starting from the prehistoric age to the modern age, passing through so many generations such as; Pharaonic, Roman, Greek, Islamic and many other periods. Because of this wide variation of ages and the continuous contact with other nations, many museums in Egypt exist, covering a wide area of these ages.

Tourist Activities and Excursions in Egypt

Tourists in Egypt choose our group excursions, as this type of excursions, in the first place, allows saving large sums spent on entertainment during the holiday stay. Usually, we organise these trips on big buses or luxury yachts and cruises. Equally, our tourists receive the services for this type of excursions according to the in-advance agreed conditions.

Coptic Culture

This article deals with the Coptic culture and its effect on Christians living in Egypt. “Copt” refers to the Egyptian Christians evangelised by St. Mark the Apostle in the first century AD. The word probably originates from the old Egyptian word Hwt-Ka-Ptah which means the “House of the God Ptah “. While the Greeks used Aigyptos for Egypt, the Copts used the Coptic term Kyptos.

Christian Monuments in Egypt

The Christian religion holds a fascinating history in Egypt. It has changed and adapted over time but ultimately survived over thousands of years. Amid the bustling streets of Cairo and out amid the wind-blown sands of the desert, you will still find Christian churches, monasteries, and monuments. Many of these sites are still working and in use. Wherever you travel, you will find the Christian monuments in Egypt.

Egyptian Cuisine

Egyptian cuisine makes heavy legumes, vegetables and fruit from Egypt’s rich Nile Valley and Delta. Dishes include rice-stuffed vegetables and grape leaves, hummus, falafel, shawarma, kebab and kofta, ful medames, mashed fava beans, kushari, lentils and pasta; and molokhia, bush okra stew. Pita bread, known locally as Eish Baladi, is a staple of Egyptian cuisine. Cheesemaking in Egypt dates back to Egypt’s First Dynasty, with Domiaty being the most popular cheese today.


Egypt is a barren desert except for the thin strip of terraced land along the Nile and the Delta River. Generally, the summer is hot and dry, and the winter is mild. Therefore, we can consider that October to April is undoubtedly the best time to travel to Egypt.

The Climate of the Northern Parts of Egypt

However, the climate varies slightly depending on where people live. The northern coast along the Mediterranean Sea receives some of the heaviest rains in the country during the winter months. Nevertheless, thunderstorms with heavy showers often take several hours are not unusual. Alexandria, Marsa Matruh, and other coastal areas are examples of the previously-mentioned phenomenon. In addition to the previous towns, the Nile Delta can witness this phenomenon. However, hail is not uncommon; especially, in the desert, where the weather is usually more relaxed. Also, the desert weather allows the ice to fall and even the frost to form on rainy days.

The Climate in the Peninsula of Sinai

There is rain in general in the mountains of Sinai and the Red Sea mountain range. Floods in these areas are a common climate phenomenon where so much rain can fall in a short time, with thunder and lightning also. Because of the nature of the desert land, waterfalls from the rain quickly through hills, mountains and local flood areas. However, these floods generally occur once every three years, depending on the weather. When the flood comes, it usually occurs in the early season, such as September, October or late winters, February or March. However, those floods disappear at all for 15 years.

Also, temperatures can drop much more in high altitudes on the Sinai Mountains than in the surrounding areas. Thus. Moreover, it may allow snow in the winter months as temperatures drop below freezing. Also, it forms frosts even in low attracts desert areas where temperatures are usually cooler than cities.

5 thoughts on “Egypt

  1. Here on this page, you get a synopsis of the country Egypt. About its geographical position in the world map, its cities, its climate, its golden history, its culture. Landious Group has done a good job in showcasing all these informative details unlike other websites so that any first-timer who logs in to this website will have a fair idea of the place one is planning to visit shortly.

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