Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country occupying the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by the Sinai Peninsula. In the same time, Egypt is a southern Mediterranean country bordered by Mediterranean sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Greece, and Turkey.

In this article, we give a briefing on the following topics:

  • Towns and governorates
  • History
  • Ancient Temples
  • Ancient Egyptian Deities
  • Also, Climate

Towns in Egypt

When we take a look at the map of the Arab Republic of Egypt, we can find that the majority of the governorates, towns, and cities are located along the River Nile. Worth metioning. Egypt has more than 200 cities with a population over 15000 p. And, that Cairo Governorate appears as the capital of Egypt.

Administratively, Egyptian authority divides the country into 27 governorates. Each province is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt.

History of Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt, ARE, has one of the most interesting and longest histories in the world, rooting back to the 6th – 4th millennia B.C.E. Its history is full of exciting and interesting events. In the same time, it dates for the very early appearance of human civilization on the earth. This is why we consider Egypt the cradle of civilization! Undoubtedly, the very early history of Egypt refers to the knowledge of urbanization, doing the agricultural activities, the ability to have writing system, a tendency towards believing and worshiping, and finally, the ability to have a central government.

Ancient Egyptian Temples

The ancient Egyptians built their temples for the official worship of the gods and the commemoration of the pharaohs. For the previous reason they built these temples in ancient Egypt and the areas under Egyptian control, as well. According to the ancient Egyptians; believes, these temples were dwellings of the gods. According to the ancient Egyptian religion, the king of ancient Egypt was the son of the gods. Thus, we may say that the ancient Egyptian worshiped the pharaoh of Egypt in these temples, as well. The ancient Egyptian priests performed a variety of rituals inside it.

Ancient Egyptian Deities

Studying the ancient Egyptian beliefs is a very interesting part of the knowledge which can be added to everyone’s mind. Interestingly, a wide number of ancient Egyptian deities and myths surrounding them have formed the core of these beliefs. We can define the Ancient Egyptian Deities as those gods and goddesses whom worshiped in ancient Egypt.Undoubtedly, the beliefs and rituals surrounding these gods formed the ancient Egyptian religion, which emerged sometime in prehistory.


Egypt can be considered barren desert except for the thin strip of terraced land along the Nile and the Delta River. Generally, the summer is hot and dry and the winter is mild. Therefore, we can consider that the period from October to April is certainly the best time to travel to Egypt.

Climate in the northern parts of Egypt

However, the climate varies slightly depending on where you live. The northern coast along the Mediterranean Sea receives some of the heaviest rains in the country during the winter months. Although, it is noteworthy that thunderstorms with heavy showers that often take several hours are not unusual here. For example, Alexandria, Marsa Matruh and all other coastal areas, and even the Delta can witness this phenomenon. Hail is not uncommon, especially in the desert where the weather is usually cooler. Also, On rainy days, the desert weather allows the ice to fall and even the frost to form.

Climate in the Peninsula of Sinai

In the mountains of Sinai and also the Red Sea mountain range, there is rain in general. Floods in these areas are a common climate phenomenon where so much rain can fall in a very short period of time, with thunder and lightning also. Because of the nature of the desert land, water falls from the rain quickly through hills, mountains and floods local areas. However, these floods generally occur once every two or three years, and often do not occur at all in about 10 to 15 years, depending on the weather. When this happens, it is often in early times of the season such as in September, October or late winter such as February or March.

Also, in high altitudes such as on the top of the Sinai Mountains, temperatures can drop much more than the surrounding areas, allowing snow in the winter months, as temperatures can drop below freezing, as well as forming frosts even in low Attracts desert areas where temperatures are usually cooler than cities

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