Ancient Egyptian tombs

Ancient Egyptian tombs

Many years could be spent building and preparing Ancient Egyptian tombs, known to the ancient Egyptians as houses of eternity. Master builders and supervisors were instructed to perform rituals during construction, and guidelines were provided on where to build, design, and materials to use.

Ancient Egyptian Tomb architecture

All tombs had two essential architectural components that reflected their religious function – a burial chamber and a nearby mortuary chapel. The burial chamber was below ground and housed and protected the body and spirit. The mortuary chapel was above ground and accessible to visitors who would perform rites and make food and drink offerings for the dead person. False doors were also placed in these chapels to establish a connection between the living and the dead worlds. The design on the door allowed the person’s spirit to move freely between the chapel and the tomb to receive offerings.

Differences can be seen in tombs’ size, design, and complexity, including pyramids, mastabas, and rock-cut chambers. However, these were mainly due to the wealth and status of the owner, evolving religious beliefs or political circumstances.

Funerary cones

Terracotta funerary cones were inscribed with the owner’s name and placed above the entrance to the tomb. The pointed end allowed them to be pressed into the plaster above the doorway. Funerary cones were used from the Middle Kingdom onwards but mainly during the New Kingdom and appeared most often in private tombs around Thebes.

Ancient Egyptian Tomb art

Egyptian burial chambers were like private galleries never meant to be viewed. They were packed with an astounding array of artwork which spoke only to an elite group of visitors – the gods. As the point of contact between the mortal and the immortal, art could transport a person and free them from death’s silent immobility.

Tomb art was sacred and magical. It was a way of controlling the chaotic, evil forces in the universe that sought to undermine universal order. Whether mass-produced or commissioned, art in the form of painting, sculpture, carving and script had the power to maintain universal order by appealing to the gods to act on behalf of the dead tomb owner and ensure his safe arrival and eternal nourishment in the afterlife.

List of Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Thebes

The Theban Necropolis is located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Luxor, in Egypt. As well as the more famous royal tombs located in the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, there are numerous other tombs, more commonly referred to as Tombs of the Nobles (Luxor), the burial places of some of the powerful courtiers and persons of the ancient city. 

There are at least 415 catalogued tombs designated TT for Theban Tomb. There are other tombs whose position has been lost or, for some other reason, do not conform to this classification. See, for instance, the List of MMA Tombs. Theban tombs tended to have funerary clay cones placed over the entrance of the tomb chapels. During the New Kingdom, they were inscribed with the title and name of the tomb owner, sometimes with short prayers. Of the 400 recorded sets of cones, only about 80 come from catalogued tombs. 

The numbering system was first published in Arthur Weigall’s 1908 Report on the Tombs of Shêkh Abd’ el Gûrneh and el Assasîf (up to TT 45-100) and then more fulsomely in Alan Gardiner and Arthur Weigall’s 1913 A Topographical Catalogue of the Private Tombs of Thebes (TT 1 – 252). Reginald Engelbach’s A Supplement followed this to the Topographical Catalogue of the Private Tombs of Thebes (TT 253 to 334), extended further in Bernard Bruyère, N. de Garis Davies, Ahmed Fakhry, and later in Bertha Porter’s Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings. In their publication, Gardiner and Weigall acknowledged that the numbers do not follow any topographical order and are due to the hierarchy in which the tombs were discovered.

List of Theban tombs

Deir el-Medina

  • TT1 Sennedjem, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT2 Khabekhnet, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT3 Pashedu, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT4 Qen, Sculptor of Amun, Deir el-Medina, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT5 Neferabet, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesside Period
  • TT6 Nebnefer or Neferhotep, Chief of Workmen, Deir el-Medina, Horemheb – Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT7 Ramose, Scribe in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT8 Kha, Chief of the Great Place, Deir el-Medina, Amenhotep II, Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III
  • TT9 Amenmose, Servant in Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesside Period
  • TT10 Kasa / Penbuy, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT210, Raweben, Servant in Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT211, Paneb, Servant of Pharaoh in Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT212, Ramose, Scribe of the Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT213, Penamun, Servant of Pharaoh in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT214, Khawi, Custodian in place of Truth, Servant of Amun in Luxor, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT215, Amenemopet, Royal scribe in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT216, Neferhotep, Foreman in the Place of the Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT217, Ipuy, Sculptor, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT218, Amenakhte and Iymway, Servant in place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT219, Nebenmaat, Servant in Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT220, Khaemteri, Servant in Place of Truth, Deir el-Medina, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II

Dra’ Abu el-Naga’

  • TT11 Djehuty, Overseer of Treasury and Works, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Hatshepsut – Tuthmosis III, 18th Dynasty 
  • TT12 Hery, Overseer of the Granary of Queen Ahhotep, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Tao II – Amenhotep I, 17th Dynasty – 18th Dynasty 
  • TT13 Shuroy Chief of the Brazier-bearers of Amun Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ 20th Dynasty 
  • TT14 Huy Priest of Amenhotep, the Image of Amun Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty 
  • TT15 Tetiky, son of Rahotep Mayor of Thebes Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ Ahmose I, 18th Dynasty 
  • TT16 Panehsy Prophet of Amenhotep of the Forecourt, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ 20th Dynasty 
  • TT17 Nebamun Scribe and Physician of the King, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty 
  • TT18 Baki Chief Weigher of the Gold of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty 
  • TT19 Amenmose First Prophet of Amenhotep of the Forecourt, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ 20th Dynasty 
  • TT20 Montukherkhopshef Mayor of Busiris, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’ Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT140, Kefia, also called Neferronpet, Goldworker, Portrait sculptor, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT141, Bakenkhons, wab-priest at the fore of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT142, Samut, Overseer of works of Amun-Ra in Karnak, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Tuthmosis III – Amenhotep II
  • TT143, Unknown, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’,
  • TT144, Nu, Overseer of estate labour, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Tuthmosis III
  • TT145, Nebamon, Head of bowmen, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT146, Nebamon, Overseer of the granary of Amun, Counter of grain, iny of the God’s Wife, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Tuthmosis III
  • TT147, Heby / Unknown, Scribe who counts the cattle of Amun in Upper and Lower Egypt / Head Elder of the portal in Karnak, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’,
  • TT148, Amenemopet, Priest of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesses III – Ramesses IV
  • TT149, Amenmose, Royal scribe of the table of the Lord of the Two Lands, Overseer of hunters of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT150, Userhet, Overseer of cattle of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT151, Hety, Scribe, Counter of cattle of the God’s Wife of Amun, Steward of the god’s wife of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Tuthmosis IV
  • TT152, Unknown, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, usurped during the Ramesside Period.
  • TT153, Unknown, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Seti I?
  • TT154, Tati, Cupbearer, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT155, Intef, Great herald of the King, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis III
  • TT156, Pennesuttawy, Captain of troops, Governor of the South Lands, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesses I
  • TT157, Nebwenenef, High priest of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesses II
  • TT158, Thonefer, Third prophet of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 20th Dynasty
  • TT159, Raia, Fourth priest of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 20th Dynasty
  • TT160, Besenmut, True king’s acquaintance, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Late Period (Saite)
  • TT161, Nakht, Bearer of floral offerings of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Amenhotep III?
  • TT162, Kenamon, Mayor of Thebes, Overseer of the Granary of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Amenhotep III
  • TT163, Amenemhat, Mayor of Thebes, Royal Scribe, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 19th Dynasty
  • TT164, Intef, Scribe of recruits, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis III
  • TT165, Nehemaway, Goldsmith, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis IV – Amenhotep III
  • TT166, Ramose, Overseer of works in Karnak, Overseer of cattle, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Horemheb – Sety I
  • TT167, Unknown, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT168, Any, Divine Father clean of hands, Chosen lector of the Lord of the gods, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesses II
  • TT169, Senena, Head goldsmith of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Amenhotep III
  • TT231, Nebamun, Scribe, Counter of the grain of Amun in the granary of divine offerings, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT232, Tharwas, Scribe of the sacred seal of the Amun treasury, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT233, Saroy (and Amenhotep), Royal Scribe of the offering table of the Lord of the Two Lands, Royal Scribe of the king’s repast, Keeper of the royal documents in the presence (of the king), Leader of the Festival, Cattle Counter in the Estate of Amun, Royal Messenger to the hill country, Overseer of the hunters of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT234, Roy, Mayor, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis III
  • TT236, Hornakht, Second Prophet of Amun, Overseer of the treasury of Amun, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT237, Wennefer, chief lector-priest, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, Ramesside Period
  • TT239, Penhet, Overseer for all the Northern Lands, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty
  • TT241, Ahmose, Scribe of divine writings, Child of the nursery, Head of the mysteries in the House of the morning, Dra’ Abu el-Naga’, 18th Dynasty

Sheikh Abd el-Qurna

  • TT21 User Scribe and Steward of Thutmose I Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose I, 18th Dynasty
  • TT22 Meryamon / Wah Royal Butler / The Eldest of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna 18th Dynasty
  • TT23 Tjay also called Royal Scribe of Dispatches, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Merneptah, 19th Dynasty
  • TT24 Nebamun Steward of the Royal Wife Nebtu Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT29 Amenemopet called Pairy Vizier, Governor of Thebes Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT30 Unknown, usurped by Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Ramesses III, 19th Dynasty
  • TT31 Khonsu First Prophet of Thutmose III Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Early 20th Dynasty
  • TT38 Djeserkaraseneb Scribe, Counter of the Grain in the Granary of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Tuthmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT41 Amenemopet, also known as Ipy Chief Steward of Amun in Thebes Sheikh Abd el-Qurna 19th Dynasty
  • TT42 Amenmose Captain of Troops, Eye of the King in Retenu Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT43 Neferronpet Kitchen-master of King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep I, 18th Dynasty
  • TT44 Amenemheb Priest in Front of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Ramesside Period
  • TT45 Thiut / Tutemheb Steward of Mey, First Prophet of Amun / Chief Weaver of the Estate of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT46 Ramose Steward and Overseer of the Estate of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep III – Akhenaten, 18th Dynasty
  • TT50 Neferhotep Divine Father of Amun-Re Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Horemheb, 18th Dynasty
  • TT51 Userhat called Neferhabef, First Prophet of Thutmose In Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Early 19th Dynasty
  • TT52 Nakht Scribe, Astronomer of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT53 Amenemhat Agent of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT54 Huy / Kenro Sculptor of Amun / Priest of Khonsu Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV – Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT55 Ramose Governor of Thebes, Vizier Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep III – Akhenaten, 18th Dynasty
  • TT56 Userhet Royal Scribe, Child of the Royal Nursery Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT57 Khaemhat Royal Scribe, Overseer of Royal Granaries Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT58 Unknown, usurped by Amenhotep and Amenemonet Overseer of the prophets of Amun and Scribe in the Temple of Ramesses II resp. Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep III; usurped the 19th or 20th Dynasty
  • TT59 Qen First Prophet of Mut, Lady of Asher Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT60 Intefiqer Vizier of Senusret I Sheikh Abd el-Qurna 12th Dynasty
  • TT61 Useramen, also called User Governor of Thebes, Vizier Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT62 Amenemwaskhet Overseer of the Cabinet Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT63 Sebekhotep Overseer of the seal Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT64 Hekerneheh Nurse of the Royal Son Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT65 Imiseba / Nebamon Chief of the Altar / Scribe of the Royal Accounts Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Hatshepsut, 18th Dynasty
  • TT66 Hepu Vizier Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT67 Hapuseneb First Prophet of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Hatshepsut, 18th Dynasty
  • TT68 Meryptah, Paenkhemenu, Nespaneferhor and Hor Prophet of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna 18th Dynasty, 20th Dynasty and 21st Dynasty
  • TT69 Menna Scribe of the Fields of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV – Amenhotep III?, 18th Dynasty
  • TT70 Amenmose Overseer of Artificers of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna
  • TT71 Senenmut (unused) Chief Steward, Steward of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Hatshepsut, 18th Dynasty
  • TT72 Re First Prophet of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT73 Amenhotep Chief Steward Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Hatshepsut, 18th Dynasty
  • TT74 Tjanuny Royal Scribe, Commander of Soldiers Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT75 Amenhotep-si-se Second Prophet of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT76 Thenuna Fan-bearer on the Right Side of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT77 Ptahemhet or Roy Standard-bearer of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmosis IV, 18th Dynasty
  • TT78 Horemheb Superintendent of the Sacred Cattle, Captain of Archers Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT79 Menkheper, also called Menkheperreseneb Scribe of the King’s Granaries Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT80 Tutnefer Prince, Scribe of the Treasury Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT81 Ineni Architect of Thutmose I Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep I – Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT82 Amenemhat Scribe of the Grain Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT83 Amethu called Ahmose Vizier Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT84 Amunedjeh or Mery (High Priest of Amun) Prince, Chief Royal Herald, Steward of the Palace Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT85 Amenemheb, also called Mahu Prince, Royal Registrar Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT86 Menkheperraseneb I High Priest of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT87 Minnakhte Superintendent of the Granaries Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT88 Pehsukher, also called Thenenu Prince, Royal Registrar, Standard-Bearer of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT89 Amenmose Steward in the Southern City Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT90 Nebamon Captain of Troops of Police on the West of Thebes, Standardbearer of the Royal Barque Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Tuthmosis IV – Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT91 Meri Sheikh Abd el-Qurna
  • TT92 Suemnut Cupbearer of the King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT93 Kenamon High steward, Royal Steward of Amenhotep II Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT94 Amy, also called Ramose, was the First herald of the king, a Fan-bearer on the right of King Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT95 Mery High Priest of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT96 Sennefer Mayor of Thebes Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT97 Amenemhat High Priest of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT98 Kaemheribsen Third Prophet of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT99 Sennefer Overseer of Seal Bearers Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT100 Rekhmire Vizier Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Thutmose III – Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT101, Thanuro, Cupbearer of the King, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT102, Imhotep, Royal scribe, child of the nursery, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT103, Dagi, Governor of the town and Vizier, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 11th Dynasty
  • TT104, Tutnefer, Overseer of the Treasury, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty
  • TT105, Khaemopet, Priest of the noble standard of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 19th Dynasty
  • TT106, Paser[19], Vizier, High Priest of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 19th Dynasty
  • TT107, Nefersekheru, Royal Scribe in the palace at Malkata, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty
  • TT108, Nebseni, High Priest of Inherit (Onuris), Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis IV 18th Dynasty
  • TT109, Min, Mayor of Tjeny (Thinis), Overseer of the prophets of Onuris, Tutor of Amenhotep II, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT110, Tutmosis, Cupbearer of the King, Herald of the king, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Hatshepsut – Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT111, Amenwahsu, Scribe of God’s Writings in the Amun Domain, Leader in the House of Amun, wab-priest of Sekhmet, Festival leader of all the gods in their annual feasts., Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesses II 19th Dynasty
  • TT112, Menkheperreseneb II (later Ashefytemwaset), High priest of Amun (priest of Amun-aashefyt), Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty, usurped during the Ramesside period.
  • TT113, Kynebu, Priest in Temple for King Thutmose IV, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Rameses VIII
  • TT114, Unknown, Head Goldsmith in the Amun Domain, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesside (20th Dynasty)
  • TT115, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesside
  • TT116, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis IV to Amenhotep III(?) 18th Dynasty
  • TT117, usurped by Djemutefankh, Draughtsman of Mansion of Gold, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Originally 11th Dynasty; usurped during the 21st Dynasty or 22nd Dynasty
  • TT118, Amenmose, Fanbearer on the Right of the King, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep III? 18th Dynasty
  • TT119, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Hatshepsut – Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT120, Anen, Second Priest of Amun, Brother of Queen Tiye, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep III 18th Dynasty
  • TT121, Ahmose, First Lector-priest of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT122, Amenemhat, Overseers of the Production Area of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT123, Amenemhat, Scribe, Overseer of the granary, Counter of bread, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III 18th Dynasty
  • TT124, Ray, Overseer of the storerooms of Pharaoh, Steward of the excellent god Tuthmosis I, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis I 18th Dynasty
  • TT125, Duauneheh, First Herald, Overseer of the estate of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Hatshepsut 18th Dynasty
  • TT126, Hormose, Commander-in-chief of Troops of the Amun domain, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Late Period
  • TT127, Sememiah, Royal Scribe, Overseer of all that grows, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Hatshepsut 18th Dynasty
  • TT128, Pathenfy, Mayor of Edfu and Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Late Period, 26th dynasty
  • TT129, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty
  • TT130, May, Harbour Master in Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT131, Useramun, called User, Vizier of Thutmose III, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tuthmosis III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT132, Ramose, Great Scribe of the king, Overseer of the treasuries of Taharqa, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Taharqa
  • TT133, Neferronpet, Chief of the weavers in the Ramesseum, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesses II
  • TT134, Thauenany, also called Any, priest of king Amenhotep who navigates on the sea of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 19th Dynasty
  • TT135, Bakenamon, wab-priest at the fore of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 19th Dynasty
  • TT136, Unknown, Royal Scribe of the Lord of the Two Lands, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 19th Dynasty
  • TT137, Mose, Head of works of Pharaoh in every monument of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesses II
  • TT138, Nedjemger, Overseer of the garden in the Ramesseum, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Ramesses II
  • TT139, Pairi, wab-priest in front of Amun, Overseer of peasants of Amun, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Amenhotep III
  • TT170 Nebmehyt Scribe of recruits of the Ramesseum in the estate of Amun Sheikh Abd el-Qurna Ramesses II
  • TT171 Unknown Sheikh Abd el-Qurna 18th Dynasty
  • TT224, Ahmose, also called Humay, Overseer of the estate of the God’s Wife, Overseer of the double granaries of the God’s Wife Ahmose-Nefertary, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis III and Hatshepsut
  • TT225, Unknown (possibly Amenemhet), First Prophet of Hathor, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty
  • TT226, Heqareshu, Royal Scribe, Overseer of nurses of the king, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty, Amenhotep III
  • TT227, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis III
  • TT228, Amenmose, Scribe of the Amun treasury, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty, Tuthmosis III
  • TT229, Unknown, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty
  • TT230, Men, Scribe of troops of Pharaoh, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, 18th Dynasty

El-Assasif

  • TT26 Khnumemheb Overseer of the Treasury in the Ramesseum, El-Assasif, Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT27 Sheshonq Chief Steward of the Princess Ankhnesneferibre El-Assasif 26th Dynasty
  • TT28 Hori Officer of the Estate of Amun El-Assasif Ramesside Period
  • TT32 Djehutymose Chief Steward of Amun El-Assasif Ramesses II, 19th Dynasty
  • TT33 Pediamenopet Prophet and Chief Lector Priest El-Assasif 26th Dynasty
  • TT34 Mentuemhat Fourth Prophet of Amun, Mayor of Thebes El-Assasif 25th Dynasty
  • TT35 Bakenkhonsu First Prophet of Amun El-Assasif 20th Dynasty
  • TT36 Ibi Chief Steward of the “Adorer of the God” El-Assasif 26th Dynasty
  • TT37 Harwa Chief Steward of the Divine Wife, El-Assasif 26th Dynasty
  • TT47 Userhet Overseer of the Royal Harim El-Assasif Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT189, Nakhtdjehuty, Chief of carpenters and Goldworkers in the Amun domain, El-Assasif, Ramesses II
  • TT190, Esbanebded, Divine Father, Prophet at the Head of the king, El-Assasif, Late Period
  • TT191, Wahibrenebpehti, Chamberlain of the Divine Adoratrix, Director of the festival, El-Assasif, Psamtik I
  • TT192, Kharuef, also called Senaa, Steward to the Great Royal Wife Tiye, El-Assasif, 18th Dynasty
  • TT193, Ptahemheb, Official of the seal in the treasury of the Amun domain, El-Assasif,
  • TT194, Tutemheb, Overseer of marshland-dwellers in the Amun domain, Scribe in the temple of Amun, El-Assasif, Ramesses II
  • TT195, Bakenamon, Scribe of the treasure of the Amun domain, El-Assasif,
  • TT196, Padihorresnet, Chief steward of Amun, El-Assasif, Late Period
  • TT197, Padineith, Chief Steward of the God’s Wife of Amun, the Divine Adoratrix Ankhnesneferibre, El-Assasif, Psamtik II
  • TT209, Nisemro, Overseer of the stamp, South Assasif, Late Period (25th Dynasty)
  • TT240, Meru, Overseer of sealers, El-Assasif, Dynasty 11 Temp Mentuhotep-Nebhepetre
  • TT242, Wehibre, Chamberlain of the god’s wife of Amun Ankhnesneferibre, El-Assasif, Late Period (Saite)
  • TT243, Pemu called Pahy, mayor of Thebes, El-Assasif, Later Period (Saite)
  • TT244, Pakharu, Overseer of carpenters of the Amun domain, El-Assasif,

El-Khokha

  • TT39 Puimre Second Prophet of Amun El-Khokha Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT48 Amenemhat, also called Surer Chief Steward El-Khokha Amenhotep III, 18th Dynasty
  • TT49 Neferhotep Chief Scribe of Amun El-Khokha Ay, 18th Dynasty
  • TT172, Mentiywi, Royal Butler, child of the nursery, El-Khokha, Tuthmosis III – Amenhotep II
  • TT173, Khay, Scribe of divine offerings of the gods of Thebes, El-Khokha, 19th Dynasty
  • TT174, Ashakhet, Priest in front of Mut, El-Khokha, 20th Dynasty
  • TT175, Unknown, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT176, Userhet, Servant of Amun, clean of hands, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT177, Amenemopet, Scribe of Truth in the Ramesseum in the estate of Amun, El-Khokha, Ramesses II
  • TT178, Kenro, also called Neferrenpet, Scribe of the treasury in the Amun-Ra domain, El-Khokha, Ramesses II
  • TT179, Nebamon, Scribe, Counter of grain in the granary of divine offerings of Amun, El-Khokha, Hatshepsut
  • TT180, Unknown, El-Khokha, 19th Dynasty
  • TT181, Ipuky and Nebamon, Sculptor of Pharaoh and Head sculptor of Pharaoh resp., El-Khokha, Late 18th Dynasty
  • TT182, Amenemhat, Scribe of the mat, El-Khokha, Tuthmosis III
  • TT183, Nebsumenu, Chief Steward, Steward in the House of Ramesses II, El-Khokha, Ramesses II
  • TT184, Nefermenu, Mayor of Thebes, Royal Scribe, El-Khokha, Ramesses II
  • TT185, Senioker, Treasurer of the God, Hereditary Prince, Divine Chancellor, El-Khokha, First Intermediate Period
  • TT186, Ihy, Governor, El-Khokha, First Intermediate Period
  • TT187, Pakhihet, wab-priest of Amun, El-Khokha, 20th Dynasty
  • TT188, Parennefer, Royal butler clean of hands, Steward, El-Khokha, Akhenaten
  • TT198, Riya, Head of the magazine of Amun in Karnak, El-Khokha, Ramesside Period
  • TT199, Amenarnefru, Overseer of the store-rooms, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT200, Dedi, Governor of the deserts to the west of Thebes, Head of the troops of Pharaoh, El-Khokha, Tuthmosis III – Amenhotep II
  • TT201, Re, First herald of the king, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT202, Nakhtamun, Prophet of Ptah Lord of Thebes, Priest in front of Amun, El-Khokha, 19th Dynasty
  • TT203, Wennefer, Divine Father of Mut, El-Khokha, 19th Dynasty, Ramesses II
  • TT204, Nebanensu, Sailor of the high priest of Amun, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT205, Tutmosis, Royal Butler, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT206, Ipuemheb, Scribe of the Place of Truth, El-Khokha, Ramesside Period
  • TT207, Horemheb, Scribe of divine offerings of Amun, El-Khokha, Ramesside Period
  • TT208, Roma, Divine Father of Amun-Ra, El-Khokha, Ramesside Period
  • TT238, Neferweben, Royal butler clean of hands, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT245, Hori, Scribe, Overseer of the estate of the great wife of the king, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT246, Senenre, Scribe, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT247, Samut, Scribe, Counter of cattle of Amun, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty
  • TT248, Tutmosis, Maker of offerings of Thutmose III, El-Khokha, 18th Dynasty

Qurnet Murai

  • TT40 Amenhotep called Huy Viceroy of Kush Qurnet Murai Tutankhamen, 18th Dynasty
  • TT221, Horimin, Scribe of troops in the palace of the king on the West of Thebes, Qurnet Murai, 20th Dynasty, Ramesses III
  • TT222, Hekammatranakhte, also called Turo, High priest of Monthu, Qurnet Murai, 20th Dynasty
  • TT223, Karakhamon, first ka(?)-priest, Qurnet Murai, Late Period (Saite)
  • TT235, Userhet, High priest of Monthu, Qurnet Murai, 20th Dynasty

Valley of the Kings

The following is a list of burials in Thebes (modern Luxor, Egypt) and nearby areas in the Valley of the Kings.

John Gardner Wilkinson established the numbering system in 1821. Wilkinson numbered the 21 tombs known to him (some of which had been open since antiquity) according to their location, starting at the entrance to the Valley and then moving south and east. Tombs discovered since then have been allocated a sequential KV number (those in the Western Valley are known by the WV equivalent) in the order of their discovery.

Since the mid-20th century, Egyptologists have used the acronym “KV” (standing for Kings’ Valley) to designate tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

East Valley

Most of the open tombs in the Valley of the Kings are located in the East Valley, where most tourists can be found.

  • KV1, Antiquity, Ramesses VII, 20th Dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV2, Antiquity, Ramesses IV, 20th Dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV3, Antiquity, Unnamed son of Ramesses III, 20th Dynasty,
  • KV4, Antiquity, Ramesses XI, 20th Dynasty,
  • KV5, 1825, Sons of Ramesses II, 19th dynasty, With 120 known rooms and excavation work still underway, it is probably the largest tomb in the Valley,
  • KV6, Antiquity, Ramesses IX, 20th Dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV7, Antiquity, Ramesses II, 19th dynasty,
  • KV8, Antiquity, Merenptah, 19th dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV9, Antiquity, Ramesses V and Ramesses VI, 20th Dynasty, Also known as the Tomb of Memnon or La Tombe de la Métempsychose, Open
  • KV10, Antiquity, Amenmesse, 20th dynasty,
  • KV11, Antiquity, Ramesses III, 20th Dynasty, Also referred to as Bruce’s Tomb, The Harper’s Tomb., Yes (rotation)
  • KV12, Antiquity, Unknown, 18th and 19th Dynasty, It was possibly used as a family tomb,
  • KV13, Antiquity, Bay. Later Amenherkhepshef and Mentuherkhepshef, 19th and 20th dynasties,
  • KV14, Antiquity, Twosret, later reused by Setnakhte, 19th and 20th Dynasties, Open (rotation)
  • KV15, Antiquity, Seti II, 19th dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV16, 1817, Ramesses I, 19th Dynasty,
  • KV17, 1817, Seti I, 19th Dynasty, Also known as Belzoni’s tomb, the tomb of Apis, or the tomb of Psammis, son of Necho., Open
  • KV18, Antiquity, Ramesses X, 20th Dynasty,
  • KV19, 1817, Mentuherkhepshef, 20th dynasty,
  • KV20, 1799, Thutmose I and Hatshepsut, 18th dynasty,
  • KV21, 1817, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV26, the 1820s, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV27, the 1820s, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV28, the 1820s, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV29, the 1820s, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV30, 1817, Unknown, 20th Dynasty, Known as Lord Belmore’s tomb.,
  • KV31, 1817, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV32, 1898, Tia’a, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV33, 1898, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV34, 1898, Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV35, 1898, Amenhotep II, 18th Dynasty, Over a dozen mummies, many of them royal, were relocated here.,
  • KV36, 1899, Maiherpri, 18th Dynasty, A noble from the time of Hatshepsut.,
  • KV37, 1899, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV38, 1899, Thutmose I, 18th Dynasty, Probably prepared for this king by Thutmose III.,
  • KV39, 1899, Possibly the tomb of Amenhotep I, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV40, 1899, Tomb of King’s Daughters and Sons, 18th dynasty, Burials date to Amenhotep III. Later intrusive burials from the 22nd Dynasty are also present.,
  • KV41, 1899, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, The tomb may have belonged to Queen Tetisheri.
  • KV42, 1900, Queen Hatshepsut-Meryetre, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV43, 1903, Thutmose IV, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV44, 1901, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV45, 1902, Userhet, 18th Dynasty, Tomb of a noble,
  • KV46, 1905, Yuya and Tjuyu, 18th Dynasty, The parents of Queen Tiy. Until the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, this was the best-preserved tomb to be found in the Valley.,
  • KV47, 1905, Siptah, 19th dynasty, Open (rotation)
  • KV48, 1906, Amenemopet called Pairy, 18th Dynasty, Tomb of a noble.,
  • KV49, 1906, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, Tomb was possibly a store room.,
  • KV50, 1906, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, Tombs contain animal burials, which were possibly the pets of Amenhotep II, whose tomb is nearby.,
  • KV51, 1906, Unknown, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV52, 1906, Unknown, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV53, 1906, Unknown, New Kingdom,
  • KV54, 1907, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, This was probably an embalming cache for the tomb of Tutankhamun.,
  • KV55, 1907, Smenkhkare/Akhenaten, 18th Dynasty, This tomb might be another mummy cache and once possibly contained the burials of several Amarna Period royals – Tiy and Smenkhkare/Akhenaten.,
  • KV56, 1908, Unknown, 19th Dynasty, Known as the Gold Tomb, the original owner of this tomb is unknown. Items with the names of Ramesses II, Seti II and Twosret were found.,
  • KV57, 1908, Horemheb, 18th Dynasty,
  • KV58, 1909, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, Known as Chariot Tomb, the original owner of this tomb remains unknown. Gold foil contains the names of Tutankhamun and Ay,
  • KV59, Unknown, New Kingdom, The original owners of these tombs are unknown.,
  • KV60, 1903, Sitre In, 18th Dynasty, Royal nurse of Hatshepsut,
  • KV61, 1910, Unknown, New Kingdom, This tomb appears to have been unused.,
  • KV62, 1922, Tutankhamun, 18th dynasty, Perhaps the most famous discovery of modern Western archaeology was made here by Howard Carter on November 4, 1922, with clearance and conservation work continuing until 1932. It was the first royal tomb to be discovered, still largely intact (although tomb robbers had entered it), and was for many years the last significant discovery in the Valley. Open to the public: Yes,
  • KV63, 2005, Unknown, 18th Dynasty, The purpose of this tomb is currently unknown.,
  • KV64, 2011, Singer [the Lady] Nehmes Bastet, 18th and 22nd Dynasty, An unexcavated tomb entrance, discovered in July 2008[3] The tomb was later excavated. It was shown to have been used in the 18th as well as in the 22nd Dynasty. Lady Nehmesbastet lived during the 22nd Dynasty.,
  • KV65, 2008, Unknown, New Kingdom, An unexcavated tomb entrance, discovered in July 2008,
  • KVB – KVT, Unknown, New Kingdom, These are non-burial pits, some of which may have been intended as tombs, others were probably funerary deposits.
West Valley

The numbering of the West Valley follows in sequence with the East Valley, and there are only four known burials/pits.

  • WV22, ValleyAmenhotep III, New Kingdom, It has recently been investigated but is not open to the public.
  • WV23, 1816, Ay, 18th Dynasty, The only tomb open to the public in the West Valley.
  • WV24, the 1820s, Unknown,
  • WV25, 1817, Unknown, This tomb may have been started as the Theban burial of Akhenaten, but it was never finished.
  • WVA, 1845, This was a storage chamber for Amenhotep III’s tomb, which was located nearby.