The Temple of Kalabsha is a Greco-roman temple that was originally located at Bab al-Kalabsha, ancient Egyptian Talmis. It is situated 56 km south of the city of Aswan, Aswan governorate. It was dedicated to Isis, Osiris and Horus-Mandulis, who was the Roman aspect of the Nubian solar god, Merul. This is the finest example of a freestanding temple in Nubia after the Temples of Abu Simbel. It is known as The Temple of Mandulis, as well.
History of the Temple of Kalabsha
The temple was constructed over an earlier sanctuary of
Amenhotep II,on the west bank of the Nile River, in Nubia. The present temple
was originally built around 30 BC during the early Roman era. While the temple
was constructed in Augustus’s reign, it was never finished.
After building the Aswan High Dam, there was a need to relocate this temple to protect it from rising waters on Lake Nasser. With help from Germany, the temple of Kalabsha was relocated to a site which is found just south of the Aswan High Dam. It was cut into 13,000 blocks and reassembled here in 1970. The process of moving the temple took more than two years.