The Temple of Kalabsha is a Greco-roman one that was originally located at Bab al-Kalabsha, ancient Egyptian Talmis. This temple lies 56 km south of the city of Aswan, Aswan governorate. It was dedicated to Isis, Osiris and Horus-Mandulis, who was the Roman aspect of the Nubian solar god, Merul. Kalabsha is the finest example of a freestanding temple in Nubia after the Temples of Abu Simbel. They call it “The Temple of Mandulis”, as well.
History of the Temple of Kalabsha
The temple of Kalabsha was constructed over an earlier sanctuary of Amenhotep II. This temple exists on the west bank of the Nile River, in Nubia. Besides, the present temple was originally built around 30 BC during the early Roman era. Although the temple was constructed in Augustus’s reign, it was never finished.
After building the Aswan High Dam, there was a need to relocate this temple in another safe place. Of course, the rising waters on Lake Nasser was about to float it completely. Accordingly, the temple of Kalabsha was relocated to a site which is found just south of the Aswan High Dam. To relocate it to this safe place, the German engineers cut it first into 13,000 blocks. Then, they reassembled here in 1970. The process of moving the temple took more than two years.