Use of the Ancient Egyptian Temples
Structure of the Ancient Egyptian Temples
List of the Ancient Egyptian Temples
- Temples of Abu Simbel.
- The Temple of Kalabsha.
- Philae Temples.
- Temple of Kom Ombo.
- Edfu Temple.
- Abydos Temple complex.
- Temple of Amenhotep III.
- Karnak Temples.
- Temple of Hatshepsut.
- Temple of Thutmose III.
- Luxor Temple.
- The Temples of Dendera.
- Also, The Temple of Medinet Habu.
Temples of Abu Simbel
The Temples of Abu Simbel _ the most famous rock-cut temples in Egypt. These temples exist near the modern village of Abu Simbel, at the Second Nile Cataract. In other words, it lies at the border between Lower Nubia and Upper Nubia. There are two of them: The Great Temple belongs to Ramses II, while he dedicated the Small Temple to his wife, Queen Amun-her-Khepeshef.
Temple of Kalabsha
The Temple of Kalabsha is a Greco-roman one. This temple was originally located at Bab al-Kalabsha, ancient Egyptian Talmis. It lies 56 km south of the city of Aswan, Aswan governorate. The Ancient Egyptians dedicated it to Isis, Osiris and Horus-Mandulis (the Roman aspect of the Nubian solar god, Merul). Kalabsha is the finest example of a freestanding temple in Nubia after the Temples of Abu Simbel. They call it “The Temple of Mandulis”, as well.
Temples of Philae
The Temples of Philae lie on one of the islands in the Nile River. Its original place was on Philae Island in Aswan. The ancient Egyptian name of Philae was Pilak, from which the Greek and Latin Philae were derived. During the Islamic era, it was known to the local people as El-Qasr, the “Castle,” or as Geziret Anas el-Wogud, after the hero of one of the tales in the “Arabian Nights,” who traced his beloved to the island, where she had been locked up by her father.
Temple of Kom Ombo
The Temple of Kom Ombo is a double temple in the town of Kom Ombo in Aswan Governorate, Upper Egypt. The building is unique because its design consists of two adjoined sections. In other words, there were courts, halls, sanctuaries and rooms duplicated for two sets of gods.
Temple of Horus at Edfu
The Temple of Horus in Edfu is one of the most impressive and well-preserved temples in Egypt. This temple is located on the west bank of the Nile in the city of Edfu, Aswan Governorate. It is the largest temple dedicated to Horus and Hathor of Dendera.
Abydos Temple complex
The Abydos Temple Complex is located in Abydos Village, in the modern Egyptian town Al-Balyana, south of Sohag governorate. During ancient Egypt, Abydos was the capital of the eighth Nome. It is located about 11 kilometres west of the River Nile at latitude 26° 10′ N.
Temple of Amenhotep III
The Temple of Amenhotep III is one of the amazing temples located on the west bank of the Nile River, in the Theban Necropolis, Luxor governorate. Amenhotep III, pharaoh of the Dynasty XVIII, built this temple during his rule about 1400 B.C., where he was worshipped as a god.
Temples of Karnak
The key difference between Karnak and most of the other temples and sites in Egypt is the time over which it was built and developed. It took a long time to arrive at its final shape. Here, we are not talking about a single temple; but, a complex of temples. As an ancient Egyptian temple, the construction started in the Middle Kingdom and continued to Ptolemaic times. Almost all the rulers of Ancient Egypt left their mark in this vast and huge complex. Approximately thirty pharaohs contributed to the buildings. This process of construction and renovation have led to size, complexity, and diversity not seen elsewhere. Really, It is the largest religious building ever made, covering about 200 acres! Additionally, it was a place of pilgrimage for nearly 2,000 years.
Temple of Hatshepsut
The Memorial Temple of Hatshepsut, in Deir El Bahari, is one of the most prominent temples we have in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the River Nile in Luxor, Luxor governorate. It is a semi-rock-carved temple. This aspect was unusual for that time. Indeed. the temple of Queen Hatshepsut became a real engineering marvel of the ancient builders. Now, we consider it as one of the most famous structures of ancient Egyptian architecture.
Temple of Thutmose III
Deir el-Bahari is the home of the temple of Thutmose III. Located right in the centre of the Deir el-Bahari valley, the temple sits on a rocky platform. Hence, it dominates over the other structures. The Temple of Hatshepsut and the temple of Mentuhotep Nebhepetre surround the structure itself.
These particular Ancient Egyptian temples date back to the Eleventh dynasty. These temples, along with the temple of Thutmose III, form a splendid relic of ancient Egypt.
Luxor Temple is an Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city Thebes, Luxor governorate. This temple was built by Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC) but completed by Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC) and Horemheb (1323-1295 BC). Finally, it was added to the temples built during Ramses II (1279-13 BC). At the same time, we can see a granite shrine, toward the rear, which is dedicated to Alexander the Great (332-305 BC).
Temples of Dendera
The Complex Temple of Dendera is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. The whole complex covers some 40,000 square meters and a hefty mud brick enclosed wall surrounds it. This area was used as the sixth Nome of Upper Egypt, south of Abydos.