Valley Temple of Khafre

Valley Temple of Khafre

The Valley Temple is built of megalithic blocks sheathed in red granite and is very similar to the Mortuary Temple. The exterior made of limestone is much more weathered. The square pillars of the T-shaped hallway were made of solid granite, which is remarkably well-preserved, and the floor was paved in alabaster. This valley temple was part of the funerary complex, including the pyramid (with its burial chamber), a mortuary temple (joining the pyramid on its east side), and a covered causeway leading to the valley temple. 

Originally used as a mortuary temple for King Khafre and his family members, the Valley Temple of Khafre is a part of the Giza Pyramid Complex. A top-rated destination for tourists visiting Egypt, the Valley Temple of Khafre is an excellent mark of ancient Egyptian civilisation and living proof of how important the fourth dynasty was in Egypt’s history and culture itself. 

 Location of the Valley Temple of Khafre 

Valley Temple of Khafre is located to the East of Chefren’s pyramid in the Giza Pyramid Complex, closer to the Nile and the famous Great Sphinx.  

The Valley Temple of Khafre is part of a legendary land where Egypt’s most distinguished Kings and Pharaohs once chose to build their burial temples. Many remains have been found in the Valley Temple that mentions the names of Hathor, Bubastis, and Khafre. Statues of Khafre were discovered in the temple in the 1860s. 


Valley Temple of Khafre Giza is attributed to King Khafre, one of the kings of the 4th Dynasty. Pharaoh Khafre, also known as King Kafhra, Kafhren and in greek King Chephren, was a significant King of the fourth dynasty during the old kingdom in Egypt. He was the successor of King Djedefre and the son of King Khufu. 

During Khafre’s kingdom, the second-largest pyramid was built in the Giza Pyramid complex; the Khafre Pyramid became the second biggest to the Pyramid of Khufu.  

This temple was built to serve two functions. First, it was used to purify the king’s mummy before burial. Second, it was used for making the Mummification process of the king. 

Considered the best-preserved valley temple all over Egypt, The Valley Temple was built of local limestones; it was partly covered with fine Tura limestone and partly by ashlars of pink granite. It was built with limestone blocks on a square plane, measuring 482 feet on each side. This temple was buried under the desert sand until the 19th century.