Giza Governorate is one of the governorates of Egypt, one of the Greater Cairo Region urban towns, situated on the west bank of the Nile River opposite Cairo. The capital is the city of Giza, the exact name of this governorate. A stretch of the left bank of the Nile Valley around Giza marks the location of Giza. Also, it acquired a significant bit of Egypt’s the Western Desert, including Bahariya Oasis. Moreover, the Giza Governorate is also home to the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza.
Location of Giza Governorate
Giza governorate is one of the Greater Cairo Region urban governorates. It is bordered in the North by Cairo and extends till the 6th October governorate in the southwest.
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate. However, some social safety networks have recently provided financial assistance and job opportunities. Therefore, the funding has been coordinated by the country’s Ministry of Finance and with help from international organizations.
The governorate comprises municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 8,666,090. In the case of the Giza governorate, there are several aqsam and marakiz, with thoroughly urban and rural parts. These aqsam are indicated in the following order:
- El Ayyat
- El Badrashein
- And El Hawamdeya
- El Omraniya
- El Wahat El Bahariya
- And El Warraq
- Sheikh Zayed City
- El Saff
- The 6th of October City (2)
- Besides, the 6th of October City
According to population estimates from 2015, most residents in the Muhafaza lived in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 58.6%. Out of an estimated 7,585,115 people residing in the governorate, 4,446,805 lived in urban areas instead of 3,138,310 in rural areas.
According to population estimates from 2018, most residents in this province live in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 60.9%. Out of an estimated 8,759,000 people residing in the governorate, 5,332,000 live in urban areas compared to only 3,428,000 in rural areas.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI) and the Ministry of Investment, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Abo Rwash Industrial Zone
- The 6th of October Industrial Zone
- Besides, Al Wahat (Heavy) Industrial zone
Important Sites in Giza Governorate
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and people come from all over the world each year to see it. It stands in the Giza pyramid complex.
- Bahariya Oasis
- Besides, Giza Necropolis – Giza pyramid complex
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had many agriculture and road projects going on in several markazes in the Giza Governorate.
In a program that began on the 28th of August 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros in upgrading informal areas’ infrastructure in the Giza Governorate.
Giza National Day
The 31st of March marks the anniversary of the battle in 1919 between Nazlet el-Shobak’s farmers and the British occupation troops.
Giza governorate occupies an area of 121.00 km2.