The Temple of Kom Ombo

Temple of Kom Ombo

The Temple of Kom Ombo is a double temple in the town of Kom Ombo in Aswan Governorate, Upper Egypt. The building is unique because its design consists of two adjoined sections. In other words, there were courts, halls, sanctuaries and rooms duplicated for two sets of gods.

History of the Kom Ombo Temple

The ancient Egyptians already built a temple in Kom Ombo, during the New Kingdom, to honor the gods Horus and Sobek. The reused blocks suggest an earlier temple from the Middle Kingdom period. However, little remains of the New Kingdom temple.

The existing temple dates back to the Ptolemaic dynasty, 180–47 BC. Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–145 BC) began the building of this temple at the beginning of his reign. Other Ptolemies contributed to its building, most notably Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (51–47 BC), who built the inner and outer hypostyles. Later, the Roman period witness more addition to this complex.

In September 2018, the Egyptian antiquities ministry announced that a sandstone sphinx statue had been discovered at the temple. The statue measures approximately 28 cm in width and 38 cm in height, likely dates to the Ptolemaic Dynasty.