It is fascinating to study the history of this country closely! When we look at the history of Egypt, we can find that two significant sections characterise it. The first section concerns the ancient Egyptian period with flourishing developments and native civilisation. In comparison, the second section is the non-native ruling period with its influence on the mentality and creativity of the Egyptian people. When studying the invention of the Egyptian people and their mentality, we notice that these two sections divide Egypt’s history into two contrasting periods.
Here, we give a summary of the significant periods of its history according to the following sections:
- Native Ruling in Egypt.
- Also, Non-Native Ruling in Egypt.
Native Ruling in Egypt
This period starts so early in the history of Egypt as the very early signs of civilisation appeared in Egypt. Here, it is essential to notice that Egypt has one of the world’s most exciting and longest histories. Its history roots back to the 6th – 4th millennia BCE. This history is full of exciting events. At the same time, it dates from the very early appearance of human civilisation on the earth. This early modernisation interprets why we consider Egypt the cradle of civilisation! Undoubtedly, the very early history of Egypt refers to the knowledge of urbanisation, doing agricultural activities, the ability to have a writing system, a tendency towards believing and worshipping, and finally, the ability to have a central government.
While Egypt started its history very early, we can notice that the country arrived at its unification under the rule of the native pharaoh Menes around 3200 BC.
The Native ruling in Egypt lasted until the conquest of Egypt by Alexander Macedonian. In the autumn of 332 BC., Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. This event marked the beginning of the Greek period and the collapse of the independent ruling of Egypt.
We can conclude that the Native rule of Egypt started with the first pharaoh and ended with the pharaoh Nectanbo II. Thus, we are to consider that the history of ancient Egypt is the Native ruling of the country.
Non-Native Ruling in Egypt
A series of invasions of Egypt characterised the non-native rule period. Alexander the Great created the first invasion of Egypt in 332 BC, and the Roman Empire followed him with another. In 30 B.C., Cleopatra VII’s death, the Roman Empire declared Egypt a province. Hence, a representative selected by the Emperor governed the country. Next, Arabs led a third invasion in 641 AD under the command of Amr Ibn As. The latest foray was interrupted by other attacks. These attacks still mark the last 1350 years of the country’s history.
Herein, we can assume that the following invasions characterise the Non-Native rule in Egypt:
- Greek invasion of Egypt in 332 B.C.
- Roman invasion of Egypt in 30 B.C.
- Additionally, the Arab invasion of Egypt in 641 A.D.
- Ottoman invasion of Egypt in 1517 A.D.
- The French invasion of Egypt in 1779 A.D.
- Also, the English invasion of Egypt in 1881 A.D.
Coptic history is the part of the history of Egypt that begins with the introduction of Christianity in Egypt in the 1st century A.D. during the Roman period and covers the history of the Copts to the present day. Many historical items related to Coptic Christianity are on display in many museums worldwide, and a large number are in the Coptic Museum in Coptic Cairo.
History of Creativity in Egypt
The Egyptian people are creative and civil. It is a human aspect that all people can be creative and build their civilisation. In the Egyptian case, it is fascinating to follow the ability to be creative in this society! We can arrive at astonishing conclusions when measuring how creative the Egyptian people are under a specific rule. The authority type has undoubtedly affected the creativity of the Egyptian people. These effects have marked all of Egyptian history. Considering the previous facts, we can divide the history of Creativity in Egypt into the following two significant periods:
- Period of Creativity.
- Also, Lack of Creativity.
Period of Creativity
This long period marks the very first recordings of Egyptian history and the pharaonic ruling of Egypt. The Greco-Roman rule of Egypt does not draw a lack of creativity in Egyptian society. The Egyptian people continued to invent and never lost the ability to build their civilisation. It was the same as during the ancient Egyptian periods. Of course, the vast temples they made during this period witnessed their creative ability.
Period of Losing Creativity
With the start of the Arab invasion of Egypt, we can witness an ongoing weakness of creativity in Egyptian society. The process of lacking creativity reached its worthiest point during the Ottoman invasion in 1517 AD. Recently, another similar wave came to appear in 1942 A.D.