When we study the history of Egypt, we can discover that it is divided into two major parts: the ancient Egyptian period with its flourish developments and native civilization, and the non-native ruling periods with its influence on the mentality of the Egyptian people, and their ability of creativity. Again, we can notice that the history of Egypt is divided into two major periods when studying the creativity of the Egyptian people and their mentality. It is very interesting to study closely the country’s history!
Here, we give a brief summary of the major periods of its history according to the following sections:
- Native Ruling in Egypt
- Also, Non-Native Ruling Period
Native Ruling History of Egypt
This period starts so early in the history of Egypt as the
very early signs of civilization appeared in Egypt. Here, it is important to
notice that Egypt has one of the most interesting and longest histories in the
world, rooting back to the 6th – 4th millennia B.C.E. Its history is full of
exciting and interesting events. In the same time, it dates for the very early
appearance of human civilization on the earth. This is why we consider Egypt
the cradle of civilization! Undoubtedly, the very early history of Egypt refers
to the knowledge of urbanization, doing the agricultural activities, the
ability to have writing system, a tendency towards believing and worshiping,
and finally, the ability to have a central government.
While Egypt starts its history very early, we can notice
that the country has arrived at its unification under the rule of the native
pharaoh Menes around 3200 B.C
The Native ruling in Egypt lasted to the conquest of Egypt by Alexander Macedonian. In the autumn of 332 BC., Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. Apparently, this event marked the beginning of the Greek period in Egyptian history, and the end of the Native ruling of Egypt.
We can conclude that the Native rule of Egypt starts with the first pharaoh ruled the country and ends with last pharaoh Nectanbo II. Thus, we are to consider that the history of ancient Egypt is the Native ruling of the country.
Non-Native Ruling History of Egypt
This period is characterized by a serial of invasions of Egypt. The first invasion was made by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C., and was followed by the Roman Empire. In 30 BC, following the death of Cleopatra VII, the Roman Empire declared Egypt a province that was to be governed by a prefect selected by the Emperor. Next, a third invasion was made by Arabs in 641 A.D. under command of Amr Ibn As. The latest invasion was interrupted with different other invasions; but, it still marks the last 1350 years of the country’s history.
Here, we can assume that the following invasions characterize the Non-Native rule in Egypt:
- Greek invasion of Egypt in 332 B.C
- Roman invasion of Egypt in 30 B.C
- Additionally, Arab invasion of Egypt in 641 A.D
- Ottoman invasion of Egypt in 1517 A.D
- French invasion of Egypt in 1779 A.D
- Also, English invasion of Egypt in 1881 A.D
History of Creativity in Egypt
The Egyptian people are creative and civil. It is a human aspect that all people can be creative and able to build their civilization. In the Egyptian case, it is very interesting to follow the ability of creativity in this society! When we try to measure how creative and civil the Egyptian people are, and how the kind of rule in Egypt affects them, we can arrive at amazing conclusions: the kind of authority has affected obviously the creativity of the Egyptian people, and that these effects have marked the periods of the Egyptian history. Taking into consideration the previous fact, we can divide the history of Creativity in Egypt into the following two major periods:
- Period of Creativity
- Also, Lack of Creativity
Period of Creativity
This long period marks the very first recordings of the Egyptian history and the pharaonic ruling of Egypt. The Greco-Roman ruling of Egypt does not mark a lack of creativity in the Egyptian society. As, the Egyptian people continued to invent and never lost the ability to build their civilization the same way as during the ancient Egyptian periods. Of course, the huge temples, which they built during this period, witness for their ability to be creative.
Period of Loosing Creativity
With the start of the Arab invasion of Egypt, we can witness a continuous weakness of creativity in the Egyptian society. The process of lacking creativity came to its worthiest point during the Ottoman invasion in 1517 A.D. Recently, another similar wave came to appear in 1942 A.D.