Dendera Luxor Private Trip Marsa Alam is an enjoyable Individual trip to Dendera & Luxor from Marsa Alam, Red Sea Governorate-Egypt!
We recommend the trip because it allows tourists to see attractions in two cities – Dendera and Luxor. These monuments date back to two eras of Egyptian history – Ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire. It gives you significant joy and learning more about the country’s history.
Highlights on Dendera Luxor Private Trip Marsa Alam
- See the Karnak temple in Eastern Luxor.
- Lunch at a restaurant by the Nile River.
- Colossi of Memnon in the Temple of Amenhotep III.
- And the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut in Western Luxor.
- Besides, the Temple of the goddess Hathor is in Dendera.
Program of the Private Excursion to Dendera
- Landious Travel representative will pick you up from the Marsa Alam hotel around 03:00 am.
- After picking you up, the bus (limousine or minibus) heads to Qena, passing the town of Safaga. The resort town of Safaga lies 45 miles south of Hurghada, on the Red Sea coast, while the city of Qena lies 220 km away in the Nile Valley. The way from the centre of Marsa Alam to Qena takes about 5 hours.
Schedule in Qena
- Once you arrive at Qena, you start your trip program. The first stop will be at the Temple of the goddess Hathor in Dendera village. It is a complex of temples and buildings. Further, in the Temple, your guide begins explaining your focus. Moreover, later, he will show the frequently visited places of this large complex. Please note that this complex has different temples and buildings. For this reason, your guide will have a task to show all these temples. Also, he will give you free time to take pictures.
Agenda in Eastern Luxor
- Then, you will drive to another city – Luxor. The way from Dendera to Luxor takes approximately half an hour. We will show you the Karnak temple when you arrive in Luxor. This Temple is the largest in Egypt and the whole world. The Temple stands in the city of Living – Eastern Luxor. In this Temple, your guide starts his explanation, and then he shows the frequently visited places of this large complex. The complex has different temples and buildings. Therefore, your guide will have the task of showing all these temples. Also, our guide will give you free time to take pictures.
- After visiting the Karnak temple, you will enjoy lunch in one of the restaurants in this city.
- Further, you can start a boat picnic through the Nile upon request. It is an additional program! Once the Nile picnic ends, you will find yourself in Western Luxor – the city of the dead.
The timetable in Western Luxor
- In Western Luxor, this individual trip continues. The first stop there will be at the Colossi of Memnon. These are the two exquisite statues that stand at the entrance of the Temple of Amenhotep III. Your guide shows them and gives you free time to take a picture.
- Further, the excursion heads to the beautiful Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. It is a wondrous temple that lies in Deir el-Bahary. The Ancient Egyptians carved this temple into the rock, consisting of three floors. Around this Temple, you will see all sorts of tombs and other temples. Amongst these sights are the temples of Thutmose III and Amenhotep Neb Hept Ra. Once again, your guide will give you information and free time to examine the place.
Departure to Marsa Alam
- Finally, our bus returns to Hurghada after such a program in the beautiful city of Luxor.
- This Individual trip to Dendera & Luxor from Marsa Alam ends at approximately 08:00 pm.
What Does the Price of Dendera Luxor Private Trip Marsa Alam Include?
- Tickets for visiting temples in Dendera and Luxor.
- Private guide.
- Also, a private vehicle to Luxor–Dendera and back to the hotel is provided.
What does the Program of Dendera Luxor Private Tour Marsa Alam not include?
- Additional excursion programs if not included in the above program.
Items to take with you for the Tour to Dendera -Luxor
- Breakfast box.
- Also, Clothes for the season.
Booking Days of Dendera Luxor Individual Excursion Marsa Alam
- Daily from 04:00-20:00.
What can one expect to see during an individual tour of Dendera and Luxor from Marsa Alam?
Monuments in Dendera
Dendera Temple Complex
Dendera Temple, ComplexThe temple complex at Dendera is quite large, boasting a basilica, two birthhouses, a sacred lake, and numerous other temples and shrines within its walls. Structures at the site hail from various ancient Egyptian eras, with monuments from the Middle Kingdom, the Ptolemaic Era, and the Period of Roman provincial rule.
Evidence shows that the first building on the site went up around 2250 BCE, but the vertical structures mostly date from the Ptolemaic Era forward. In 1995 BCE, construction likely began on the Mentuhotep II monument, the oldest existing system, when the site was rediscovered.
The Mentuhotep monument has since been moved to Cairo. The oldest form is from Nectanebo II, built ca. 345 BCE. It may be more accurate to say the structure as we know it began in 54 BCE when construction started on the Temple of Hathor, the most prominent structure at the Dendera complex.
The Temple of Hathor is one of Egypt’s most well-preserved antiquity sites today, an excellent example of traditional Pharaonic architecture. The Temple of Hathor was built primarily during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a period of Greek rule in Egypt.
However, the construction of the Temple was completed under the Roman emperor Trajan, who is depicted on the walls of the complex making offerings to Hathor. The temple complex also includes a monumental gateway constructed by Trajan and Domitian, another Roman emperor.
Cult of Hathor
This site was the centre of the cult of Hathor. It was believed that during a period known as the Happy Reunion, Hathor would journey from her Temple at Dendera to spend some time with her husband, Horus, at his Temple in Edfu.
This “reunion” was a yearly occurrence, and at the end of the celebration, the return of Hathor to Dendera was thought to signal the official beginning of the flood season of the Nile.
Zodiac of Dendera
The Temple originally housed the famous Zodiac of Dendera. This bas-relief with human and animal figures represented a night skyscape. It was found on the ceiling of a chapel in the Temple of Hathor, where the mysteries of the resurrection of the god Osiris were celebrated. Egyptologists determined it should be interpreted as a map of the sky rather than a giant horoscope or a perpetual astrological tool.
The particular configuration of the planets among the constellations shown in the Zodiac of Dendera occurs only about once every thousand years. Two astrophysicists dated it between June 15 and August 15, 50 BCE. Two eclipses are represented on the Zodiac exactly where they occurred at that time.
The representations of the signs of the Zodiac as we know them today did not appear in Egypt until the Greco-Roman Period. This monument reflects how Egyptian cultural elements merged with Babylonian and Greek astronomical and astrological theories due to the Assyrian and Babylonian deportations of the eighth and sixth centuries BCE and the Persian and Greek invasions of the sixth and fourth centuries BCE.
The Zodiac of Dendera was transported to France in 1821 with the permission of Mohamed Ali Pasha, the Turkish ruler of Egypt at the time. It is currently on display at the Louvre in Paris. The Egyptian government has asked for its return.
Monuments on the eastern bank of the Nile River
- Karnak Temple: It is the largest temple complex in the ancient world. Amazingly, it represents the achievement of many generations of ancient builders and pharaohs. Its old name, Ipet-isut, means “the most sacred of places”. The building of this complex temple has lasted more than two thousand years. It comprises three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples on 247 acres. The great “Hypostyle Hall” is an incredible forest of giant pillars.
- Luxor Temple: The Temple of Luxor was the centre of the most important festival – the festival of Opet. Amenhotep III and Ramses II built this majestic Luxor temple dedicated to Amun. This festival was to reconcile the human aspect of the ruler with the divine office.
Monuments on the western bank of the Nile River
- Valley of the Kings: The Valley of the Kings is where the magnificent tombs exist. Professionally, the Ancient Egyptians carved those tombs deeply into the mountain rock. Additionally, they richly decorated them with treasures for the afterlife. The Valley of the Kings houses the tombs of ancient Egyptian pharaohs. For example, you can find the tombs of the great pharaoh Ramses II and Tutankhamun in this valley.
- Hatshepsut Temple: Hatshepsut temple, at El Deir El Bahary, is an impressive temple dedicated to Queen Hatshepsut, the only female pharaoh. It rises out in the desert with terraces and merges with the sheer limestone cliffs surrounding it. This Temple is one of ancient Egypt’s most stunning and well-preserved structures.
- Also, Colossi of Memnon: Two massive mono-stone statues of King Amenhotep III are the significant remains of a vast mortuary temple.