Abydos appears to be a village in the modern Egyptian town Al-Balyana, south of Sohag governorate. It was the capital of the eighth Nome during Ancient Egypt. The Abydos Village lies about 11 kilometres west of the Nile River at latitude 26° 10′ N.
When we try to discover the history of Abydos village, we will find out some interesting facts. It was imperative to the Ancient Egyptian people and rulers. Interestingly, ancient Egyptian priests weaved many legends around this sacred site. These legends explain why it became an essential religious spot during Ancient Egypt! At the same time, the history of this place is as long as the civilisation in Egypt.
Indeed, the importance of this place comes from the fact that the early pharaoh used it as the royal cemetery. There is some evidence that the Predynastic times witnessed a community in Abydos. And that the pharaohs of the first dynasty built their tombs in it. These tombs include the ones for Narmer, and his successor, Aha. Narmer is the founder of the first dynasty. Besides, some pharaohs of the second dynasty chose Abydos as their burial. For its importance as burial, some pharaohs built their tombs in Abydos and their hometown.
During Ancient Egyptian times, the city was the cult centre of God Osiris. It is notable for its temples as pharaohs built nine or ten temples in this place. The three remaining temples are the Temple of Seti I, the Great Osiris Temple and the Ramses II Temple. The rest of the temples are still buried under the modern village, while the other temples cannot be retrieved.
Recently, we can notice that the importance of the place comes from the number of monuments it has. Therefore, Tourists visit this fantastic place to see its temples. Also, they listen to the overwhelming legends surrounding its sacristy.
Features of the Abydos Complex
The Abydos Temple complex comprises many features. These features include the following:
- Temple of Seti I.
- Temple of Ramses II.
- Great Osiris Temple.
- Also, The Osireion.
The place‘s primary scientific importance is as it has a long list of the pharaohs of the principal dynasties. The ancient Egyptian artists curved this list on one of the walls in the temple of Seti I. Recently, we called it the “Abydos King List” or “the Table of Abydos”, and William John Bankes rediscovered it.