The National Museum in Sohag

Sohag Governorate

Sohag Governorate extends for 125 km along the Nile River and is 467 km away from Cairo. Assiut governorate borders it in the north, and Qena governorate in south. Also, it neighbors Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in east and the New Valley governorate in west.

History of the governorate

Sohag _ it is one of the 27 governorates of Egypt. This Upper-Egyptian governorate has a deep-rooted history and heritage, as all the governorates located in the Nile Valley. Its history extends as long back as the history of civilization in Egypt. For sure, we can get a lot about the history of this governorate from the remaining Ancient Egyptian monuments. Of course, big portion of these monuments locate in Abydos.

During the first four ancient Egyptian dynasties, Abydos was the capital of Egypt. Also, the ancient city of El-Tina, north of Abydos, was home and headquarters of Narmer. Historically, Narmer was the first pharaoh to unify Egypt about 3100 BC.

 Later, Muhammad Ali who started ruling Egypt in 1805 divided the country into directorates. Consequently, Girga, or Upper Egypt, was one of these directorates. By then, this directorate had a number of cities including Mishta, in the north, and Esna, in the south. While Sohag appeared as a village in this directorate.

According to the new demonstrative division to governorates in 1960, Girga lost a big portion of its southern area. Also, they moved its capital to the Sohag village. Later, Sohag became a modern city with the second biggest area in this governorate.

Administrative Division of Sohag governorate

Sohag governorate consists of the following 11 administrative divisions:

  1. Akhmim
  2. El-Balyana (The most southern city)
  3. Sohag (The capital)
  4. Tima (The most northern city)
  5. El-Maragha
  6. Tahta
  7. El-Mansha (The biggest city in terms of area)
  8. Girga
  9. Juhayna
  10. Dar El-Salam
  11. Also, Sakulta

The above central cities (Markazes) have 51 rural local units, with subordinated 213 villages. In terms of area, these cities or Markazes,are small except for El-Mansha. While Sohag city comes second.