Sohag Governorate extends for 125 km along the Nile River and is 467 km away from Cairo. It is bordered by Assiut governorate in the north, by Qena governorate in south, by Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in east and by the New Valley governorate in west.
History of the governorate
Sohag _ it is one of the 27 governorates of Egypt. This Upper-Egyptian governorate has a deep-rooted history and heritage, as all the governorates located in the Nile Valley. Its history extends as long back as the history of civilization in Egypt. For sure, we can get a lot about the history of this governorate from the remaining Ancient Egyptian monuments in Abydos. During the first four ancient Egyptian dynasties, Abydos was the capital of Egypt. Also, the ancient city of El-Tina, the village of mud or clay just north of Abydos, was home and headquarters of Narmer. This pharaoh was the first to unify Egypt about 3100 BC.
Later, Muhammad Ali who started ruling Egypt in 1805 divided the country into directorates. Consequently, Girga, or Upper Egypt, was one of these directorates. By then, this directorate had a number of cities including Mishta, in the north, and Esna, in the south. While Sohag appeared as a village in this directorate.
According to the new demonstrative division to governorates in 1960, Girga lost a big portion of its southern area. Also, its capital was moved to the village which was called Sohag. Later, Sohag became a modern city with the second biggest area in this governorate.
Administrative Division of Sohag governorate
Sohag governorate consists of the following 11 administrative divisions:
- El-Balyana (The most southern city)
- Sohag (The capital)
- Tima (The most northern city)
- El-Mansha (The biggest city in terms of area)
- Dar El-Salam
- Also, Sakulta
The above central cities (Markazes) have 51 rural local units, with subordinated 213 villages. Out of all these cities or Markazes, El-Mansha is considered the largest one in terms of area, followed by Sohag city.