Table of contents
Coast Islands in Egypt
- Red Sea islands.
- Also, the Mediterranean Sea islands.
List of Red Sea Islands
- Giftun Islands.
- Abu Munkar.
- Hamata Islands.
- El Ikhwan Islands.
- Also, Green Island.
- Mukkawar Island.
- Pharaoh’s Island.
- Sanafir Island.
- Shadwan Island.
- Tiran Island.
- Utopia Island.
- Additionally, Zabargad Island.
Pharaoh’s island, the current popular name Coral Island, is small in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, some 250 metres (820 ft) east of Egypt’s eastern Sinai Peninsula. Some scholars identify this island port with the biblical Ezion-Geber.
Giftun Islands exist in the Red Sea along the shoreline of Hurghada city, Al-Barhr Al-Ahmar governorate – Egypt. These islands stand approximately 11 kilometres east of the coast of Hurghada. Now, Giftun Island is the most famous one on the Red Sea. Also, it is the most important in terms of tourism and environmental activities. It is the only island authorised to welcome marine activities on its territories. The Giftun islands comprise part of the marine reserve in the Red Sea with spectacular coral reefs and drop-offs. Later, the Egyptian government declared these Giftun Islands a protected area in 1995. Moreover, the Egyptian government does not allow establishment on the rest 38 islands Egypt has.
Geography of Giftun Islands
The islands are among the Egyptian sea islands along the Red Sea shore. They comprise two separate ones – Big Giftun and Small Giftun. The former one – Big Giftun Island, has the second largest area after Shadwan Island. Besides, both islands are a part of a more extensive archipelago, including one more island, Abu Monqar. Additionally, they have rare geological compositions and rock intensity, as well.
Some reef cliffs exist near these two islands, e.g. Banana Reef, Sha’ab Sabrina, Erg Somaya and Sha’ab Torfa. These sites are among the famous reef spots in Hurghada. In addition, the islands are renowned for their rare coral reefs, colourful fish and extraordinary birds. Also, the marine life surrounding these islands is among the richest in the Red Sea. It has more than 196 kinds of solid coral reefs. This reef represents about 80% of the biodiversity of the coral reefs in the Red Sea. Also, in these coral reefs live more than 794 species of fish. Consequently, this number of fish represents about 65% of the biodiversity of fish.
Noteworthy that two kinds of species that face extinction danger exist on the island. These birds are the Kittiwake and a specific type of eagle. One of the rare turtles also lives on this island’s beaches.
Shadwan Island is the largest reef island in the Strait of Jubal, also known as Shaker Island. It is a barren rocky island. The current around Shadwan is usually moderate, moving from south to north. An impressive vertical reef wall in the island’s north goes deeper than 40 metres. The reef abounds with coral and finfish. Therefore, scuba divers go downstream to explore the wall on drift dives. In addition, there is a featured lighthouse to guide ships.
The Egyptian Utopia Island is similar to the fiction by Sir Thomas More in two aspects. The first aspect is an isolated island. While the second aspect, the alternate rising of the tide, completely overwhelms the island by night. When it is the day, the tide goes down. Thus, Utopia appears every day clean and new. The previously mentioned renewal process matches the perfection demanded by Sir Thomas More. Of course, it is enough reason why they call that island “Utopia.”
El Ikhwa Islands
El Ikhwa Islands, commonly known as Brothers Islands, are two small Red Sea islands in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt. The most prominent feature of the islands is the Brothers Islands Lighthouse, built by the British in 1883. Small Brother island lies one kilometre (0.6 miles) south of Big Brother.
Islands of the Mediterranean Sea
- Nelson’s Island.