Sea Islands

Sea Islands

Egypt is bordering the Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean Sea on the north. The Red Sea coast stretches 800 km from Suez to the Sudanese border. While the Mediterranean Sea coast extends for about 1,050 km from the eastern side of the Sinai Peninsula at the Egypt-Gaza border to the western village of Sallum at Egypt’s border with Libya. Certainly, these long coastal areas have several sea islands. They are naturally-formed ones except for the artificial one in the Gulf of Aqaba.

Coast Islands in Egypt

Herein, we list these islands according to their location as follows:

  • Red Sea islands.
  • Also, the Mediterranean Sea islands.

Islands of the Red Sea

  1. Giftun Islands.
  2. Abu Munkar.
  3. Hamata Islands.
  4. El Ikhwan Islands.
  5. Also, Green Island.
  6. Mukkawar Island.
  7. Pharaoh’s Island.
  8. Sanafir Island.
  9. Shadwan Island.
  10. Tiran Island.
  11. Additionally, Zabargad Island.

Giftun Islands

Giftun Islands are located in the Red Sea along the shoreline of Hurghada city, Al-Barhr Al-Ahmar governorate – Egypt. These islands are located approximately 11 kilometres east of the coast of Hurghada. Now, Giftun Island is the most famous one on the Red Sea. And, it is the most important in terms of tourism and environmental activities. It is the only island authorized to welcome marine activities on its territories, among the 39 ones Egypt has. It is noteworthy that those islands comprise part of the marine reserve in the Red Sea with spectacular coral reefs and drop-offs. The Egyptian government declared these Giftun Islands a protected area since 1995.

Geography of Giftun Islands

The islands are among the Egyptian sea islands located along the Red Sea shore. They are divided into two separate ones _ Big Giftun, and Small Giftun. The former one _ Big Giftun Island has the second largest area after Shadwan Island. Besides, both islands are a part of a larger archipelago which include one more island _ Abu Monqar. And, they have rare geological compositions and rock intensity, as well.

The islands are famous for their rare coral reefs, colourful fish, and extraordinary birds, as well. Hamda, Near these two islands, locate Banana Reef, Sha’ab Sabrina, Erg Somaya and Sha’ab Torfa which are among the famous reef spots in Hurghada. Also, the marine life surrounding these islands is one of the richest in the Red Sea. It has more than 196 kinds of solid coral reefs which represent about 80% of the biodiversity of the coral reefs in the Red Sea. Also, in these coral reefs live more than 794 species of fish. Consequently, this number of fish represents about 65% of the biodiversity of fish.

Noteworthy that two kinds of birds that face the extinction danger threatening exist on the island. These birds are the Kittiwake and a specific kind of eagles. One of the rare turtles lives on the beaches of this island, as well.

Islands of the Mediterranean Sea

  • Nelson’s Island.

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