Temples of Dendera

Temples of Dendera

The Complex Temple of Dendera is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. The whole complex covers some 40,000 square meters and a hefty mud brick enclosed wall surrounds it. This area was used as the sixth Nome of Upper Egypt, south of Abydos.

Location of Dendera Temples

Dendera Temple complex is located 7 km from Qena, and about 2.5 kilometres southeast of Dendera, Qena Governorate, Egypt.

History of the complex

The temple complex displays a scene of the long history of Egypt. This amazing complex reveals a lot about this history. When studying the history of this complex, we can find it was built during different eras. Certainly, the first building dates back to the Ancient Egyptian period; though, the Greek and Roman rulers continued it. There is evidence of temples and other structures that date back all the way to 2500 BCE. Pharaoh Pepi I (Ca.2250 BC) built on this site and evidence exists of a temple in the Eighteenth Dynasty (ca 1500 BC). However, the earliest extant building in this compound dates back to native pharaohs – the Mammisi which was raised by Nectanebo II (360–343 BC).

The appearance of Christianity in Egypt has its influence on the temples in Dendera, as well. There was also a Coptic Christian church on the premises near the Temple of Birth at one point. Ptolemy XII built the main temple and nearly Queen Cleopatra VII completed it around 54 to 20 BCE.

Features of the Complex in Dendera

The Dendera Temple complex has many features. These features include the following temples and elements:

  • Roman Mammisi.
  • Christian Basilica.
  • Sanatorium.
  • Hathor temple (the main temple).
  • Temple of the birth of Isis.
  • Sacred Lake.
  • Barque shrine.
  • Gateways of Domitian and Trajan.
  • Besides, the Roman Kiosk.

1 thought on “Temples of Dendera

  1. Famous for being the best preserved temple in all Egypt. This is just not for show, it is for real. It has three most impressive things to see in this temple. First, it is surrounded by a huge mud wall encompassing the whole temple complex. Secondly, when the architecture is being studied, it is found that it belongs to different eras. It has also been effected by Christianity as well. A Coptic Church has been found in the temple complex. Among the many parts of this temple, the one having the Temple of Hathor is a marvel of architecture. This was also considered to be the main temple; hence was very part of the temple as well. Do not leave it out of your list. Make sure you do visit.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.