Qena Governorate extends for 168 km along the Nile River and is 577 km away from Cairo. Sohag governorate borders it in the north and Luxor governorate in the south. Also, it neighbours Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar (Red Sea) governorate in the east and the New Valley governorate in the west.
History of Qena governorate
Qena is one of the 27 governorates of Egypt. This governorate has a deep-rooted history and heritage as the rest of governorates located in the Nile Valley. Its history and heritage extend as long back as the history of civilization in Egypt. Certainly, we can find a lot about its history in the remaining Ancient Egyptian monuments in Naqada, and Dendera.
Later, Muhammad Ali who started ruling Egypt in 1805 divided the country into directorates. Accordingly, Girga “Upper Egypt” became one of these directorates. Also, this directorate had several cities including Mishta, in the north, Qena, and Esna, in the south.
With another demonstrative division in 1960, Qena became a governorate. And, thus, it extended from the south of Sohag governorate to Esna city in the south. Finally, in 2009, Luxor split from it to form a new governorate.
Qena governorate consists of 11 administrative divisions or 11 central cities:
- Abu Tesht.
- El Waqf.
- Also, Farshut.
- New Qena.
- Naga Hammadi.
- Additionally, Naqada.
- Quft (Gebtu or Coptos).
- Besides, Qus.
The above central cities (Markazes) have rural local units,
with subordinated villages.