Alexandria Governorate is one of the governorates of Egypt, located in the northern part of the country, directly on the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the most important harbours in Egypt. The city of Alexandria was historically the capital of Egypt until the foundation of Fustat, which was later absorbed into Cairo. Today the Alexandria governorate is second in importance after the Cairo Governorate. Alexandria Governorate is located in the northern part of the country, directly on the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the most important harbours in Egypt.
Location of Alexandria Governorate
Alexandria governorate lies along the Mediterranean coast and stretches about 70 km northwest of the Nile Delta. The Mediterranean Sea bounds the governorate in the north, El Beheira governorate in the south and the east and Matrouh governorate in the west.
Along with Cairo, Port Said and Suez, Alexandria is one of four governorates in the country also municipalities. The governorate capital is the city of Alexandria, the second-largest city in Egypt. The total area size of the Alexandria governorate is almost 2818 km2. It has the most significant harbour in Egypt. It is the second-largest urban governorate in the country with a population of more than four and half million (4,799,740 in March 2015) and a population density of 1700 square kilometres, according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Alexandria has a unique geographical location and a mild climate. It is also considered an industrial governorate where 40% of Egyptian industries are concentrated, especially chemicals, food, spinning and weaving, and petrol industries and fertilizers.
Alexandria is known for its diverse history as several cultures throughout the years occupied it. Several monuments nowadays shape Alexandria’s historic sites.
Monuments in Alexandria Governorate
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina
- Citadel of Qaitbay
- Graeco-Roman Museum
- Alexandria National Museum
- Royal Jewelry Museum
- Serapeum Temple
- Pompey’s Pillar
- Roman Amphitheatre
- Lighthouse of Alexandria
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- New Manshia
- Al Nasseria
- Upper and Lower Mergham
- The industrial zone in K 31, Desert Road
- Al Nahda and its expansions
- Ohm Zagheou
- (New urban community industrial zone) Borg Al Arab
- Al Montaza Gardens
- Al Shallalat Gardens
- Antoniadis Garden
- El-Nozha Garden
- International Park of Alexandria
Alexandria Governorate follows the Egyptian Educational System in its public schools and universities.
Most notable educational institutes
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina ( Alexandria Library)
- Alexandria University
- Arab Academy for Science, Technology, and Maritime Transport
- Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology in New Borg el Arab city.
- The city of scientific research and Technological Applications
- Pharos University
The governorate of Alexandria has several sports clubs that represent the governorate, such as:
- El Ittihad Alexandria Club
- Egyptian Olympic Athletes Club
- Smouha Sporting Club
- Alexandria Sporting Club
Alexandria governorate most common sport is football and holds three main stadiums, which are:
- Borg El Arab Stadium
- Alexandria Stadium
- Haras El-Hedoud Stadium
- Alexandria Port
- Al Dekheila Port is The second largest port in Alexandria Governorate after Alexandria Port).
- Abu Qir Port
- Eastern Port is One of the oldest ports built-in 2000 B.C in Racoda village to serve the coastal area in the ‘Pharos Island’).
- Alexandria Tram
- Alexandria Railways
Alexandria Governorate has two international airports:
- Borg El Arab Airport