The Temple of Horus in Edfu

Temple of Horus in Edfu

The Temple of Horus is one of the most impressive and well preserved temples in Egypt. This temple in located on the west bank of the Nile in the city of Edfu, Aswan Governorate. The temple of Edfu is the largest temple dedicated to Horus and Hathor of Dendera.

History of the temple

The sandstone temple was completed some 180 years later by Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, Cleopatra VII’s father

The construction of the present temple started on 23 August 237 BC during the reign of Ptolemy III Euergetes and completed in 57 BC under Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos , known as Auletes. It was built on the site of an earlier, smaller temple also dedicated to Horus, although the previous structure was oriented east-west rather than north-south as in the present site. This earlier temple was built during the New Kingdom by Ramses I, Seti I, and Ramses II. A ruined pylon lies just to the east of the current temple.

The appearance of Christianity in Egypt had its influence on the use of this temple.  Non-Christian worship was banned within the Roman Empire in 391 AD. Thus, the temple fell into disuse for centuries.

Two hundred years ago the temple was buried by sand, rubble and part of the village of Edfu, which had spread over the roof. Excavation was begun by Auguste Mariette in the mid-19th century.