Egypt has one of the oldest civilisations in the world. Accordingly, it has been in contact with many other civilisations and nations and has been through many eras, from the prehistoric age to the modern age. Also, it passed through so many generations, such as Pharaonic, Roman, Greek, Coptic, Islamic and many other periods. Because of this wide variation of ages and the continuous contact with other nations, many museums may be found in Egypt, covering a wide area of these ages.
List of Museums in Egypt
Following is a sortable list of museums in Egypt:
- Agricultural Museum
- Ahmed Shawki Museum
- Alexandria National Museum
- Al Minya Museum
- Al-Alemein War Museum
- Bayt al-Kritliyya
- Bayt Al-Suhaymi
- Beit El-Umma
- Beshtak Palace
- Child Museum
- Denshway Museum
- Egyptian Geological Museum
- Egyptian Military museum
- Gamal Abdel Nasser Museum
- Gayer-Anderson Museum
- Gezira Center for Modern Art (also known as the Egyptian Modern Art Museum) contemporary and modern art
- Graeco-Roman Museum
- Imhotep Museum
- Ismaïlia Museum
- Karanis Site Museum
- Kasr (Qasr) El-Gawhara (Jewel Palace)
- Library of Alexandria Museum
- Manyal Palace
- Marine Museum in Hurghada
- Mellaoui Museum
- Military Museum in Port Said
- Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil Museum
- Mohamed Nagy Museum
- Mukhtar Museum
- Mummification Museum
- And the Museum of Egyptian Railways
- Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo
- And the Museum of Islamic Ceramics
- National Museum of Egyptian Civilization
- Museum of Modern Art in Egypt in Port Said
- National Museum of Sharqeya
- Om Kalthoum Museum
- Postal Museum
- Qasr Al-Eini Museum
- Ramses Wessa Wassef Art Center
- Royal Jewelry Museum
- Taha Hussein Museum
- Besides, the Museum at the University of Al-Zagazig
Royal Carriages Museum
Royal Carriages Museum houses a collection of unique Royal Carriages attributed to different historical periods, from the reign of Khedive Ismail until the power of King Farouk, in addition to other collections of unique antiques related to the carriages. The museum was inaugurated in 1983. Then it was re-inaugurated after its renovation in 2013. Further restoration took place in 2017, and the museum was reopened again in 2021.
Abdeen Palace Museum
Abdeen Palace is a historic Cairo palace that dates to the Muhammed Ali dynasty. In other words, it was built as one of the official residences for the former ruling monarchy and the royal family of Egypt. However, currently, it is one of the official residences and the principal workplace of the President of Egypt, located above Qasr el-Nil Street in eastern Downtown Cairo, Egypt.
The Coptic Museum, inaugurated in 1910, houses the most extensive collection of Coptic artefacts. Historically, the museum was established through the efforts of Marcus Simaika Pasha, a prominent Coptic figure who was vested in the preservation of Coptic heritage. Simaika Pasha bought and collected Coptic antiquities and various architectural elements from older churches undergoing renovation to achieve his goal. Then, he used them to build the museum and establish its collection.
The effects of the ancient Egyptians in Aswan spread in a challenging way to count. The Aswan Museum on Elephantine Island was one of the attempts to annex several ancient monuments in one place. The choice came for the villa of William Wilcox. He was one of the engineers who supervised the construction of the old Aswan Dam and during excavation work required to construct the High Dam. Archaeologists discovered numerous monuments from various eras and combined them with their holdings.
Hurghada Museum is the first antiquities museum in al‑Bahr al‑Ahmar (Red Sea) Governorate, the first museum of its kind. It is the fruitful result of a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, al‑Bahr al‑Ahmar (Red Sea) Governorate, and the private sector. On the one hand, the private sector funded the museum’s construction. On the other hand, the Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities manages the museum. Also, the security of the place is the Tourism & Antiquities Police’s responsibility, in cooperation with the National guard. At the same time, the museum income gets into the country’s state treasury.
Luxor Museum is an archaeological museum in Luxor (ancient Thebes), Egypt. It was one of Egypt’s best antiquities exhibitions in 1975. However, it enjoys a modern building; the collection is narrow in items but beautifully displayed.
The Egyptian Museum is the oldest archaeological museum in Egypt and the Middle East area. It exhibits an extensive collection passing from the Predynastic Period to the Greco-Roman period. In addition, this repository houses the most comprehensive collection of Pharaonic antiquities in the world. Historically, this fantastic collection traces 5,000 years of Egyptian history.
Kharga Museum, New Valley Museum, is a two-storey museum designed to resemble the Necropolis architecture of Al Bagawat nearby. The museum displays the items that have been found in Kharga and Dakhla oases. There are a variety of objects like jewellery, tools and textiles. It also has artefacts from various eras, like the Ottoman Era. The building is cavernous and is built from local bricks. Items are on the ground floor and first floor that cover artefacts documenting the course of human civilisation that existed in Egyptian deserts.
The Nubian Museum (officially the International Museum of Nubia) stands in Aswan, Upper Egypt. It was dedicated to Nubian culture and civilisation, inaugurated on November 23, 1997, and later was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2001. On the other side, it was built to a design by architect Mahmoud El-Hakim for an estimated construction cost of LE 75 million (approximately $22 million at the time).
Grand Egyptian Museum
The Grand Egyptian Museum holds in trust for Egypt and the World a chronological statement of Egypt’s ancient history over the past 7000 years. Neighbouring a timeless wonder, the Giza Pyramids, the new museum, pays homage to eternal Ancient Egyptian monuments, treasures, and history, hosting over 100,000 artefacts, about 3500 of which belong to the famous King Tutankhamen.