Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC) built the Luxor temple, but Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC) and Horemheb (1323-1295 BC)completed it. Finally, Ramses II (1279-13 BC) added this temple to his own. A granite shrine dedicated to Alexander the Great (332-305 BC) stands towards the temple’s rear. The Temple of Ramses II was the centre of the most important festival – the Opet Festival. This festival was to reconcile the human aspect of the ruler with the divine office.
Location of Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple is an Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city Thebes, Luxor governorate.
History of the Temple
Till now, we can notice that the Luxor temple is still serving as a place of worship. During the Christian era, early Christians converted the temple’s hypostyle hall into a Christian church. Visitors to this temple can see the remains of another Coptic church to the west of this temple. They closed the door leading to Alexander’s shrine and built the church in the second open court during this period. Following the Islam appearance in Egypt, quickly the temple lost its sense. Then, Luxor’s streets and houses entombed it for more than a thousand-year. Later, a Sufi Shaykh Yusuf Abu al-Hajjaj built a mosque over the northeast part of it. When recently uncovering the temple, the archaeologists kept this mosque intact, although it hides a part of the Luxor temple. It is still serving until nowadays.